Victoria Cross


Victoria Cross
a British decoration awarded to soldiers and sailors for acts of conspicuous bravery in the presence of the enemy. Abbr.: V.C.
[1855-60]

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▪ British military decoration
      the highest decoration for valour in the British armed forces, awarded for extreme bravery in the face of the enemy. It was instituted in 1856 by Queen Victoria at the request of her consort, Prince Albert. The first crosses were awarded during the Crimean War. In 1858, new statutes allowed the Victoria Cross to be conferred for gallantry when not in the presence of the enemy; instances of this were extremely rare, and by 1881 the cross was again awarded only for conspicuous courage in the face of the enemy. King Edward VII, in 1902, decreed that the honour could be awarded posthumously, which, since then, it frequently has been. Anyone in any branch of the British armed forces is eligible, including women, although no woman has as yet received the award.

      So great is the prestige of the Victoria Cross that it takes precedence over all other orders and medals in Britain, and recipients are entitled to add V.C. after their name. Only 1,348 crosses have been awarded since the honour was instituted. The medal is bronze (originally cast from Russian guns captured in the Crimean War), depicting a lion on a crown with the inscription “For Valour,” while the reverse side has the date of the act for which the decoration is bestowed and the name, rank, and regiment of the recipient.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Victoria cross — Victoria Vic*to ri*a, n. [NL.] 1. (Bot.) A genus of aquatic plants named in honor of Queen Victoria. The {Victoria regia} is a native of Guiana and Brazil. Its large, spreading leaves are often over five feet in diameter, and have a rim from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Victoria Cross — n the full name of the ↑VC …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Victoria Cross — n. the highest British Commonwealth military decoration, awarded for deeds of exceptional valor …   English World dictionary

  • Victoria Cross — For the abbreviation, see VC. For other uses, see Victoria Cross (disambiguation). Victoria Cross …   Wikipedia

  • Victoria Cross — Croix de Victoria  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Ordre royal de Victoria. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Croix de Victoria (homonymie) et Victoria. Croix de Victoria …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Victoria Cross — Vorderseite des Victoria Kreuzes und Wiederholungsspange Das Victoria Cross (deutsch: „Victoria Kreuz“) ist die höchste Kriegsauszeichnung der Streitkräfte des Vereinigten Königreichs und einiger Staaten des Commonwealth. Es wird für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Victoria Cross — /vɪktɔriə ˈkrɒs/ (say viktawreeuh kros) noun 1. the highest bravery award in the imperial honours system, the decoration being in the shape of a bronze Maltese cross, awarded to members of the armed services for acts of conspicuous bravery in the …   Australian English dictionary

  • Victoria Cross — UK [vɪkˌtɔːrɪə ˈkrɒs] / US [vɪkˌtɔrɪə ˈkrɔs] noun [countable] Word forms Victoria Cross : singular Victoria Cross plural Victoria Crosses a medal given to British soldiers for very brave acts …   English dictionary

  • VICTORIA CROSS —    a naval and military decoration in the shape of a Maltese cross, instituted by Queen Victoria in 1856 for conspicuous bravery in the presence of an enemy …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Victoria Cross — n. a decoration awarded for conspicuous bravery in the armed services, instituted by Queen Victoria in 1856 …   Useful english dictionary


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