Vicksburg


Vicksburg
/viks"berrg/, n.
a city in W Mississippi, on the Mississippi River: important Civil War siege and Confederate surrender 1863. 25,434.

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 city, seat (1836) of Warren county, western Mississippi, U.S. It lies on the Mississippi River, at the mouth of the Yazoo River, 44 miles (71 km) west of Jackson. Frenchmen settled there and built Fort-Saint-Pierre (1719) on the high bluffs, but the settlement was wiped out by Native Americans 10 years later. A military outpost established on the site by Spaniards in 1790 was known as Nogales, later called Walnut Hills. A sprawling community developed, which was named for Newitt (or Newit) Vick, a Methodist minister who laid out the town. The settlement prospered as a shipping point. Because of its strategic location, Vicksburg was besieged by Union forces for 47 days during General Ulysses S. Grant's campaign for control of the Mississippi River during the American Civil War; it surrendered on July 4, 1863. The Old Court House (1858) is now a museum displaying Confederate and antebellum artifacts.

      Vicksburg is a major tourist spot (including, since the early 1990s, gambling casinos) and a shipping centre for the surrounding agricultural region. Manufactures include wood products, light fixtures, and metal products, and poultry processing is also important. The city has a branch of Hinds Community College, and the U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station is nearby. Historic homes can be viewed during annual spring and fall pilgrimages.

      Vicksburg National Military Park, established in 1899, occupies 2.7 square miles (7 square km) and partially encircles the city. It preserves the site of the Civil War campaigns and contains Vicksburg National Cemetery, the restored Union gunboat USS Cairo, numerous monuments and reconstructed trenches, and other fortifications. The Gray and Blue Naval Museum contains a diorama of the siege of Vicksburg and the world's largest collection of Civil War gunboat models. Inc. 1825. Pop. (1990) 20,908; (2000) 26,407.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Vicksburg —   [ vɪksbəːg], Stadt im Bundesstaat Mississippi, USA, am Mississippi, 20 900 Einwohner; Sitz der »US Water Experiment Station« (größter Arbeitgeber); National Military Park (Tourismus); Flusshafen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vicksburg, MI — U.S. village in Michigan Population (2000): 2320 Housing Units (2000): 956 Land area (2000): 1.832728 sq. miles (4.746743 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.056096 sq. miles (0.145289 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.888824 sq. miles (4.892032 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Vicksburg, MS — U.S. city in Mississippi Population (2000): 26407 Housing Units (2000): 11654 Land area (2000): 32.882895 sq. miles (85.166303 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.388615 sq. miles (6.186483 sq. km) Total area (2000): 35.271510 sq. miles (91.352786 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Vicksburg — Vicksburg, Hauptort u. Einfuhrhafen der Grafschaft Warren im Staate Mississippi (Nordamerika), auf einer Anhöhe am Mississippi River gelegen, durch die Vicksburg Brandonbahn mit Jackson verbunden; 5 Kirchen, mehre Akademien, Handel, bes. mit… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vicksburg — Vicksburg, Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Warren im nordamerik. Staate Mississippi, größte und wichtigste Stadt dieses Staates, am linken Ufer des Mississippi, unterhalb der Mündung des Yazoo River, Kreuzungspunkt der Bahnen von New Orleans nach… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vicksburg — (spr. wicksbörg), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Mississippi, am Mississippi, (1900) 14.834 E.; 4. Juli 1863 von den Unionisten unter General Grant genommen …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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  • Vicksburg — city in Mississippi, U.S., incorporated 1825, named for early settler in the region the Rev. Newitt Vick, who was said to have come there c.1812 from Virginia with his family and chose the town site in 1819 …   Etymology dictionary


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