vibrio


vibrio
vibrioid /vib"ree oyd'/, adj.
/vib"ree oh'/, n., pl. vibrios. Bacteriol.
any of several comma- or S-shaped bacteria of the genus Vibrio, certain species of which are pathogenic for humans and other animals.
[ < NL (1854), equiv. to L vibr(are) to shake + -io n. suffix]

* * *

Any of a group of aquatic, comma-shaped bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae.

Some species cause serious diseases in humans and other animals. They are gram-negative (see gram stain), highly capable of movement (with one to three flagella at one end), and do not require oxygen. Their cells are curved rods, single or strung together in S-shapes or spirals. Two species are of significance to humans: one causes cholera, the other acute bacterial diarrhea.

* * *

      (genus Vibrio), any of a group of comma-shaped bacteria in the family Vibrionaceae. Vibrios are aquatic microorganisms, some species of which cause serious diseases in humans and other animals.

      Vibrios are microbiologically characterized as gram-negative, highly motile, facultative anaerobes (not requiring oxygen), with one to three whiplike flagella at one end. Their cells are curved rods 0.5 μm (micrometre; 1 μm = 10-6 metre) across and 1.5 to 3.0 μm long, single or strung together in S-shapes or spirals.

      Three species of vibrio are of significance to humans: V. cholerae is the cause of cholera, and V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus both act as agents of acute enteritis, or bacterial diarrhea. V. anguillarum is found in diseased eels and other fishes.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vibrio — Vibrio …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vibrio — cholerae Systematik Domäne: Bakterien Abteilung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vibrio — alginolyticus Vibrio anguillarum Vibrio carchariae Vibrio cholerae Vibrio damsela Vibrio ordalli Vibrio parahaemolyticus Vibrio salmonicida Vibrio vulnificus Vibrio es un género de bacterias, incluidas en el grupo gamma de las proteobacterias.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vibrio —   [v ; zu lateinisch vibrare »schwingen«, »zittern«], Gattung kommaförmig gekrümmter, monotrich polar begeißelter, gramnegativer und fakultativ anaerober Bakterien; Vorkommen in Süß und Salzwasser. Vibrio cholerae, der Erreger der Cholera, bildet …   Universal-Lexikon

  • vibrio — Toda bacteria curvada y móvil, como las pertenecientes al género Vibrio. El cólera y algunas otras formas epidémicas de gastroenteritis están causadas por miembros de este género. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud,… …   Diccionario médico

  • vibrio — [vib′rē ō΄] n. pl. vibrios [ModL < L vibrare, to shake: see VIBRATE] any of a genus (Vibrio) of short, flagellate, Gram negative bacteria shaped like a comma or the letter S: one species ( V. comma) causes cholera …   English World dictionary

  • Vibrio — Vib ri*o, n.; pl. E. {Vibrios}, L. {Vibriones}. [NL., fr. L. vibrare to vibrate, to move by undulations.] (Biol.) A genus of motile bacteria characterized by short, slightly sinuous filaments and an undulatory motion; also, an individual of this… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vibrio — См. Вибрионы (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Vibrio — Vi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vibrio — Taxobox color = lightgrey name = Vibrio image width = 240px image caption = Flagellar stain of V. cholerae regnum = Bacteria phylum = Proteobacteria classis = Gamma Proteobacteria ordo = Vibrionales familia = Vibrionaceae genus = Vibrio genus… …   Wikipedia

  • Vibrio —   Vibrio …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.