Verulamium


Verulamium
/ver'yoo lay"mee euhm/, n.
ancient name of St. Albans.

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▪ ancient city, England, United Kingdom
also called (Celtic)  Verlamio  or  Verlamion 

      pre-Roman and Romano-British town in the territory of the Catuvellauni, across the River Ver from what is now St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England.

      Before the Roman conquest, Verlamion was the capital of Tasciovanus, king of the Catuvellauni (c. 20 BC–AD 5). The Romans occupied the site with soldiers in 44–45 but built a regular town, which may have been a municipium, by 50. This town was destroyed in AD 60–61 by Boudicca (Boadicea), queen of the Iceni, and was rebuilt 15 years later, under Vespasian, to whom the new forum was dedicated in 79. An inscription mentions the governor, Julius Agricola, Tacitus's father-in-law and the subject of his Agricola. Among the ruins of Varulamium are the forum, a theatre associated with a Romano-Celtic temple, a market hall, two triumphal arches, fragments of the town wall, and many well-appointed houses with fine mosaics and wall paintings. Devastated by a fire under Antonius Pius, the city again was rebuilt before the end of the 2nd century. St. Alban (Alban, Saint) was martyred here c. 208–209. The site was deserted in the late 5th century. The growth of a new settlement in nearby St. Albans has left the Roman town open to excavation.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Verulamium — was the third largest city in Roman Britain. It was sited in the southwest of the modern city of St Albans in Hertfordshire. A large portion of the Roman city remains unexcavated, being now park and agricultural land, though much has been built… …   Wikipedia

  • Verulamium — fue la tercera ciudad en importancia durante el periodo de ocupación romana de Inglaterra. Sus restos se encuentran junto a la actual ciudad de St Albans en el condado de Hertfordshire, en un terreno agrícola. Restos de la muralla de la ciudad de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Verulamium — Verulamium, so v. w. Verolamium …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Verulamĭum — Verulamĭum, s. Saint Albans 1) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Verulamium — fue la tercera ciudad en importancia durante el periodo de ocupación romana de Inglaterra. Sus restos se encuentran junto a la actual ciudad de Saint Albans en el condado de Hertfordshire, en un terreno agrícola. Antes de los romanos, la ciudad… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • VERULAMIUM — vulgo Werlan, locus in Anglia olim celebris, ubi postmodum monasterium S. Albani conditum. Hîc Synodus, A. C. 446. contra Pelagianos, et ab Offa Merciorum Rege A. C. 793. et 794. concilia celebrata sunt …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Verulamium — Reste der Stadtmauern Detail einer Wandmalerei aus einer der Wo …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Verulamium — 51° 45′ 00″ N 0° 21′ 14″ W / 51.75, 0.353889 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Verulamium — /vɛrəˈleɪmiəm/ (say veruh laymeeuhm) noun ancient name of St Albans …   Australian English dictionary

  • Verulamium — /ver yoo lay mee euhm/, n. ancient name of St. Albans …   Useful english dictionary


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