Utraquist

Utraquist
Utraquism, n.
/yooh"treuh kwist/, n.
Calixtine.
[1830-40; < NL Utraquista, equiv. to L utraque (abl. sing. fem. of uterque each of two, equiv. to uter either + -que and) + NL -ista -IST]

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▪ religious movement
also called  Calixtin, or Calixtine,  

      any of the spiritual descendants of Jan Hus who believed that the laity, like the clergy, should receive the Eucharist under the forms of both bread and wine (Latin utraque, “each of two”; calix, “chalice”). Unlike the militant Taborites (Taborite) (also followers of Hus), the Utraquists were moderates and maintained amicable relations with the Roman Catholic Church. As a consequence, the Council of Basel (Basel, Council of) in 1433 declared them to be true Christians. In 1434 the Utraquists joined Catholic Czech forces to defeat the Taborites at the Battle of Lipany. When, however, the Utraquists developed into an independent church, Rome withheld approval, even though Roman bishops officiated at Utraquist ordinations to the priesthood. The Utraquists, together with all other Protestant sects, were outlawed in Bohemia after the Battle of White Mountain in 1620.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Utraquist — U tra*quist, n. [L. uterque, fem. utraque, both.] One who receives the eucharist in both kinds; esp., one of a body of Hussites who in the 15th century fought for the right to do this. Called also {Calixtines}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Utraquist — Utraquist, eigentlich ein Beidgestaltiger, d. h. der das heil. Abendmahl in beiderlei Gestalt genießt. Diesen Namen führten außer den Calixtinern auch die Hussiten (s. d.) …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Utraquist — Ut|ra|quịst 〈m. 16〉 Anhänger, Vertreter des Utraquismus; Sy Kalixtiner * * * Utra|quịst, der; en, en (hist.): Angehöriger einer gemäßigten Gruppe der Hussiten, die das ↑Abendmahl (3) in beiderlei Gestalt (mit Brot u. Wein) fordern; Kalixtiner …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Utraquist — U|tra|quịst auch: Ut|ra|quịst 〈m.; Gen.: en, Pl.: en〉 Anhänger, Vertreter des Utraquismus; Syn. Kalixtiner …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Utraquist — Utra|quist der; en, en <zu ↑...ist> (früher) Anhänger der hussitischen ↑Kalixtiner, die das Abendmahl in beiderlei Gestalt (↑sub utraque specie) zu empfangen forderten …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • utraquist — utra·quist …   English syllables

  • utraquist —   n. person speaking two or both languages, or believing that both kinds of   Sacrament should be administered …   Dictionary of difficult words

  • Utraquist — Ut|ra|quịst, der; en, en (Angehöriger einer hussitischen Richtung, die das Abendmahl in beiderlei Gestalt [Brot und Wein] forderte) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • utraquist — kwə̇st noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: New Latin utraquista, from Latin utraque (abl. singular feminine of uterque each of two, both, from uter which of two + que generalizing particle akin to Latin que and) ( …   Useful english dictionary

  • Utraquist school — An utraquist school or utraquist gymnasium is a term for bilingual schools in some countries, in which the subjects were taught both in a state language and in the language of some ethnic minority. The term utraquist here is in an analogy with… …   Wikipedia


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