upholstery


upholstery
/up hohl"steuh ree, -stree, euh pohl"-/, n., pl. upholsteries.
1. the materials used to cushion and cover furniture.
2. the business of an upholsterer.
[1640-50; UPHOLSTER(ER) + -Y3]

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      materials used in the craft of covering, padding, and stuffing seating and bedding. The earliest upholsterers, from early Egyptian times to the beginning of the Renaissance, nailed animal skins or dressed leather across a rigid framework. They slowly developed the craft to include cushions, padding, and pillows—stuffed with such materials as goose down and horsehair.

      The medieval upholsterer, who was primarily concerned with fabrics, made mattresses and hangings. In the 17th century beds were draped with sumptuous fabrics and ornate trimmings; as these beddings became less fashionable, chairs and sofas were in turn elaborately upholstered with velvet, silks, and needlework.

      Springs (spring), which permitted soft, bulky shapes, were first used by upholsterers in the 18th century; helical by the mid-19th century, they were later flattened for maximum resiliency. Upholstery techniques were revolutionized in the 20th century with the introduction of molded sponge rubber, dirt and liquid retardants, plywood, naugahyde, and synthetic fibres, which created new springing, cushioning, and covering materials.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Upholstery — Up*hol ster*y, n. The articles or goods supplied by upholsterers; the business or work of an upholsterer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • upholstery — “upholsterer s work,” 1640s; see UPHOLSTER (Cf. upholster) + ERY (Cf. ery) …   Etymology dictionary

  • upholstery — ► NOUN 1) soft, padded textile covering used to upholster furniture. 2) the art or practice of upholstering …   English terms dictionary

  • upholstery — [up hōl′stər ē] n. pl. upholsteries [see UPHOLSTERER & ERY] 1. the fittings and material used in upholstering 2. the business or work of an upholsterer …   English World dictionary

  • Upholstery — A New England easy chair at the Winterthur Museum and Country Estate in Delaware Upholstery is the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers. The word upholstery comes from the… …   Wikipedia

  • upholstery — [[t]ʌpho͟ʊlstəri[/t]] N UNCOUNT Upholstery is the soft covering on chairs and seats that makes them more comfortable to sit on. ...white leather upholstery... Simon rested his head against the upholstery …   English dictionary

  • upholstery — n. leather; plastic; vinyl upholstery * * * [ʌp həʊlst(ə)rɪ] plastic vinyl upholstery leather …   Combinatory dictionary

  • upholstery — (Uph) The fabric used to cover the seats and other panels. See cloth upholstery full leather upholstery …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • upholstery — noun Upholstery is used before these nouns: ↑fabric …   Collocations dictionary

  • upholstery — up|hol|ster|y [ ʌp houlst(ə)ri ] noun uncount cloth or leather used for covering chairs and SOFAS: leather upholstery a. the activity of covering chairs and SOFAS with cloth or leather to make them attractive and comfortable …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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