- Universal Postal Union
an international organization, formed in Bern, Switzerland (1875), that administers and regulates international postal service. Abbr.: UPU Formerly, General Postal Union.
* * *▪ international postal agency(UPU)specialized agency of the United Nations that aims to organize and improve postal service throughout the world and to ensure international collaboration in this area. Among the principles governing its operation as set forth in the Universal Postal Convention and the General Regulations, two of the most important were the formation of a single territory by all signatory nations for the purposes of postal communication and uniformity of postal rates and units of weight. The original agreement adopted in 1875 applied only to letter mail; other postal services, such as parcel post and international money orders, have been regulated by supplementary agreements that are binding only on signing members.A first attempt to establish some general principles governing international postal service was made at an international conference in Paris in 1863; previously, international postal exchange had been regulated by a plethora of bilateral agreements. At the first International Postal Congress 11 years later, representatives of 22 countries adopted the Bern Treaty, creating the General Postal Union. The union actually came into effect on July 1, 1875; the name was changed to Universal Postal Union at the second congress in 1878. In 1948 the UPU became a specialized agency of the United Nations.The Universal Postal Congress is the legislative body and meets every five years. The Executive Council, which consists of 40 representative countries elected by the congress, ensures the continuity of the work of the UPU and meets annually. The International Bureau is maintained at Bern and acts as a secretariat in carrying out the daily operations.
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Universal Postal Union — (UPU) An international postal organization that is a specialized agency of the United Nations. Its 189 member countries form a single postal territory for the reciprocal exchange of letter post items. Its Convention establishes the common rules… … Glossary of postal terms
Universal Postal Union — [juːnɪ vəːsl pəʊstl juːnjən; englisch], der Weltpostverein … Universal-Lexikon
Universal Postal Union — Infobox UN name = Union postale universelle Universal Postal Union image size = 200px caption = The UPU flag type = UN agency acronyms = UPU head = flagicon|FRA Edouard Dayan status = Active established = October 9, 1874 headquarters =… … Wikipedia
Universal Postal Union — A worldwide postal organization to which the United States and most other countries are members. The exchange of mail, except parcel post, between the United States and other nations is governed by the provisions of the Universal Postal Union… … Military dictionary
Universal Postal Union — noun A worldwide postal organization to which most countries are members. The exchange of mail, except parcel post, between the United States and other nations is governed by the provisions of the Universal Postal Union convention<ref name=… … Wiktionary
Universal Postal Union — n. UPU, international specialized agency of the United Nations formed in Switzerland in 1875 that administers and governs international postal service (formerly was called General Postal Union ) … English contemporary dictionary
Universal Postal Union — an international organization, formed in Bern, Switzerland (1875), that administers and regulates international postal service. Abbr.: UPU Formerly, General Postal Union … Useful english dictionary
Universal Postal Union — ⇡ UPU … Lexikon der Economics
Postal Union Mail — Mail that is governed by the regulations of the Convention of the Universal Postal Union. It includes lettres et cartes (LC) and autres objets (AO). (Also see colis postauxand Express Mail International Service) … Glossary of postal terms
Postal Union Congress — A Postal Union Congress is the main international meeting of the Universal Postal Union, used to discuss various issues affecting international postal services, such as legislation, the political climate, and other strategic issues.HistoryThe… … Wikipedia