ungulate


ungulate
/ung"gyeuh lit, -layt'/, adj.
1. having hoofs.
2. belonging or pertaining to the Ungulata, a former order of all hoofed mammals, now divided into the odd-toed perissodactyls and even-toed artiodactyls.
3. hooflike.
n.
4. a hoofed mammal.
[1795-1805; < LL ungulatus having claws or hoofs. See UNGULA, -ATE1]

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Any hoofed, herbivorous, quadruped, placental mammal in three or four orders: Artiodactyla, the even-toed ungulates (including pigs, camels, deer, and bovines); Perissodactyla, the odd-toed ungulates (including horses, tapirs, and rhinoceroses); Proboscidea (elephants); and, by some authorities, Hyracoidea (see hyrax).

There are ten orders of extinct ungulates. The hoof is dermal tissue, comparable to the human fingernail, that extends over the end of a broadened terminal digit. See also ruminant.

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▪ hoofed mammal
      formerly, any hoofed mammal. Although the term is now used more broadly in formal classification as the grandorder Ungulata, in common usage it was widely applied to a diverse group of placental mammals (placental mammal) that were characterized as hoofed herbivorous quadrupeds. The feature that united them, the hoof, consists of hornlike dermal (skin) tissue, comparable to the human fingernail, which extends over the end of a broadened terminal digit.

      Modern hoofed mammals comprise three groups: Artiodactyla (artiodactyl), the even-toed ungulates (swine, camels, deer, and bovines); Perissodactyla (perissodactyl), the odd-toed ungulates (horses, tapirs, and rhinoceroses); and Uranotheria, which includes the orders Proboscidea (proboscidean) (elephants), Hyracoidea (hyraxes (hyrax)), and Sirenia (sirenian) (manatees and dugongs).

      The grandorder Ungulata also includes the orders Tubulidendata (aardvarks (aardvark)) and Cetacea (cetacean) (whales and dolphins). Nine orders of fossil ungulates are also recognized: Dinocerata (uintatheres), Procreodi, Condylarthra (condylarths), Arctostylopida, Litopterna (litopterns (litoptern)), Notoungulata (notoungulates, including the toxodonts (Toxodon)), Astrapotheria (astrapotheres), Xenungulata (xenungulates), and Pyrotheria (pyrotheres).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • ungulate — UNGULÁTE s.n. pl. Ordin de mamifere erbivore sau omnivore care au ultima falangă acoperită de o unghie protectoare; copitate; (la sg.) animal din acest ordin. [sg. ungulat. / cf. it. ungulati, fr. ongulés]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007.… …   Dicționar Român

  • Ungulate — Un gu*late, a. [L. ungulatus. See {Ungula}.] 1. Shaped like a hoof. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ o]l.) Furnished with hoofs. See the Note under {Nail}, n., 1. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ungulate — Un gu*late, n. (Zo[ o]l.) Any hoofed quadruped; one of the Ungulata. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ungulate — (adj.) hoofed, 1802, from L.L. ungulatus hoofed, from ungula hoof, claw, talon, dim. (in form but not sense) of unguis nail (see UNGUAL (Cf. ungual)). Ungulata, the order of hoofed mammals, is recorded from 1839 …   Etymology dictionary

  • ungulate — ► NOUN Zoology ▪ a hoofed mammal. ORIGIN Latin ungulatus, from ungula hoof …   English terms dictionary

  • ungulate — [uŋ′gyo͞olit, uŋ′gyo͞olāt΄] adj. [LL ungulatus < L ungula, a hoof < unguis, a NAIL] 1. having hoofs; of or belonging to a former group of all mammals having hoofs 2. shaped like a hoof n. a mammal having hoofs …   English World dictionary

  • Ungulate — Taxobox name = Ungulate| fossil range = Late Cretaceous Recent image width = 240px image caption = Llamas, which have two toes, are artiodactyls even toed ungulates regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Mammalia infraclassis = Eutheria… …   Wikipedia

  • ungulate — 1. adjective Having hooves. 2. noun An ungulate animal; a hooved mammal. The majority of large land mammals are ungulates …   Wiktionary

  • ungulate — Having hooves. [L. ungulatus, fr. ungula, hoof] * * * un·gu·late əŋ gyə lət, ən , .lāt adj 1) having hooves 2) of or relating to the ungulates ungulate n a hoofed typically herbivorous quadruped mammal (as a pig, camel, hippopotamus, horse, tapir …   Medical dictionary

  • ungulate — I. adjective Etymology: Late Latin ungulatus, from Latin ungula hoof, from unguis nail, hoof Date: 1839 1. having hooves 2. of or relating to the ungulates II. noun Etymology: New Latin Ungulata, from Late Latin, neuter plural of ungulatus …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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