umiak


umiak
/ooh"mee ak'/, n.
an open Eskimo boat that consists of a wooden frame covered with skins and provided with several thwarts: used for transport of goods and passengers.
[1760-70; < Inuit umiaq women's boat]

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boat
      boat used by the Greenland and later by the Alaskan Eskimos for transport. It was called the woman's boat, as opposed to the kayak, the men's hunting and fishing boat.

      Like the kayak, the umiak was made of seal or other animal skins stretched over a driftwood or whalebone frame and was paddled. Unlike the kayak, it was an open boat, either round in shape or elongated much like the birchbark canoe. The umiak was used by women for transporting themselves, children, the elderly, and possessions; the umiak was also used by the men for whaling. In the 20th century the umiak was first furnished with an outboard motor and finally displaced by conventional motorboats, as was the kayak, except for recreation or sporting.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Umiak — in Barrow, Alaska The umiak, umialak, umiaq, umiac, oomiac or oomiak is a type of boat used by Eskimo people, both Yupik and Inuit, and was originally found in all coastal areas from Siberia to Greenland …   Wikipedia

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  • umiak — (n.) large Eskimo boat, c.1743, from Eskimo umiaq an open skin boat. Said by 18c. 19c. sources to be a woman s boat, as opposed to the KAYAK (Cf. kayak), which was worked exclusively by men …   Etymology dictionary

  • umiak — or umiaq [o͞o′mē ak΄] n. [Esk (Eastern dial.)] a large, open boat made of skins stretched on a wooden frame, used by Eskimos for transporting goods and traditionally rowed by women …   English World dictionary

  • Umiak I — The Umiak I is a purpose built ice strengthened bulk carrier constructed for the Voisey s Bay Nickel Company. [http://www.vbnc.com/Newsletters/April2006.pdf Umiak I] , , issue 10, April 2006] cite news… …   Wikipedia

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  • Umiak — Umi|ak, der od. das; s, s [eskim. umiaq]: offenes, von Frauen gerudertes Boot der Inuit. * * * Umiak   [eskimoisch] der oder das, s/ s, großes, offenes Robbenjagd , Walfang und Transportboot (»Weiberboot«) der Eskimos, aus einem mit Seehundfellen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • umiak — noun Etymology: Inuit umiaq Date: 1769 an open Eskimo boat made of a wooden frame covered with hide …   New Collegiate Dictionary