Umbria


Umbria
/um"bree euh/; It. /oohm"brddee ah/, n.
1. an ancient district in central and N Italy.
2. a region in central Italy. 799,721; 3270 sq. mi. (8470 sq. km).

* * *

Region (pop., 2001 prelim.: 815,588), central Italy.

It is located on 3,265 sq mi (8,456 sq km) in the Apennines; its capital is Perugia. Originally inhabited by the ancient Italic Umbrian tribe, it came under Rome с 300 BC and was made one of its administrative regions in the 1st century AD. During the Christian era it became part of the Papal States. It was the seat of the 15th–16th-century Umbrian school of painting, which included Perugino and Pinturicchio, and was the home of St. Francis of Assisi. Agriculture is an economic mainstay, while its industries produce steel, chemicals, and textiles.

* * *

      region, central Italy, including the provinces of Perugia and Terni. It lies roughly equidistant between Rome (south) and Florence (north). The modern region takes its name from the Umbria of Roman times.

      The Roman emperor Augustus made Umbria (together with the district of Ager Gallicus) one of the 11 regions into which he administratively divided Italy in the 1st century BC. After the Lombard invasion in the 6th century AD, most of the region was incorporated in the Duchy of Spoleto, but part remained in Byzantine hands until the establishment of the temporal power of the Holy See. Later rivalry between the popes and the Holy Roman emperors gave rise to conditions that favoured the emergence of communes, and Perugia became the dominant city-state of Umbria. The campaigns of Cesare Borgia and Pope Julius II in the 15th and early 16th centuries won back most of the towns for the Papal States, and in 1540 Pope Paul III finally subdued Perugia. The expression “Province of Umbria” embraced the modern region (minus Orvieto) and Rieti in the late 17th century and was extended to include Camerino in the 18th. Umbria was attached to the Roman Republic in 1798, restored to papal rule in 1800, and incorporated in the French empire in 1808. Under papal rule again from 1814, the “Legation of Umbria” comprised the “delegations” of Spoleto, Perugia, and Rieti until its occupation by the forces of Sardinia-Piedmont in 1860. Under the kingdom of Italy (from 1861) the region had only one province, that of Perugia, until that of Terni was created in 1927.

      While Umbria has some interesting monuments of the Roman and early medieval periods, such architectural glories as the cathedrals of Assisi and Orvieto and palaces such as those of Todi, Perugia, and Gubbio were built during the medieval Gothic period, some embellished by the greatest artists of the 13th and 14th centuries. During the Renaissance, Umbria once more occupied a place of honour in the creative arts as the home of the Umbrian school of painting, with such masters as Perugino and Pinturicchio.

      Umbria's core is the upper and middle valley of the Tiber River, flanked on the west and east by low hills that gradually rise in the east to the Umbrian-Marchigian Apennines. The characteristic feature of the region's physiography is the prevalence of wide basins, some of lacustrine origin (Lake Trasimeno), some being sections of river valleys, and others small, isolated depressions such as the plains of Gubbio and Terni.

      Farming in the hills and valleys is prosperous and is characterized by intensive land use, especially intercropping. Wheat, corn (maize), potatoes, sugar beets, grapes, and olives are grown, and the wine of Orvieto is known throughout Italy. Livestock raising is extensive. The major power centre of Umbria is the hydroelectric complex of Terni, which supports steel, chemical, and electrochemical industries at Terni, Narni, and Foligno. Textile and food industries at Perugia, the regional capital, are important. The region is served by two major rail lines from Rome and has an excellent system of highways and bus communications. Area 3,265 square miles (8,456 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 867,878.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • UMBRIA — etiam vulgo l Ombria, an ab umbra Apennini? regione Italiae ampla, Apenninô monte divisa, inter Etruriam ad Occidentem, Tiberi discreta, et Sabiniam ac Picenum ad Ortum, Nare fluv. ad Meridiem terminata, mari Adriaticô ad Boream. Ombria olim… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Umbria — ist die italienische Bezeichnung der Region Umbrien ein Schiffswrack vor der Küste des Sudan: Umbria (1911) die RMS Umbria, ein Dampfschiff der Cunard Line Diese Seite ist eine Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • umbria — s. f. 1.  [Linguagem poética] Lugar onde há sombra. 2. A parte do monte que fica ao poente onde o mato cresce mais …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Umbria — [um′brē ə; ] It [ o͞om′brē ä΄] [L, after Umbri, the Umbrians] region in central Italy: in ancient times a district extending from the Tiber to the Adriatic: 3,265 sq mi (8,456 sq km); pop. 812,000; chief city, Perugia …   English World dictionary

  • Umbria — Infobox Region of Italy name = Umbria fullname = Regione Umbria isocode = capital = Perugia status = Region governor = Maria Rita Lorenzetti ( Democratic Party ) zone = Central Italy province = 2 municipality = 92 arearank = 16th area = 8,456… …   Wikipedia

  • Umbría — ► sustantivo femenino Paraje donde casi siempre hay sombra debido a su orientación: ■ en la umbría de la casa está creciendo hiedra. SINÓNIMO ombría sombría * * * umbría (de «umbrío») f. Lugar, por ejemplo en un valle, que, por su orientación,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Umbría — El término umbría puede hacer referencia a: Umbría, zonas de sombra orográfica. Umbría, región de Italia. Umbrías, municipio de la provincia de Ávila (España). Belén de Umbría, municipio de Risaralda (Colombia). Punta Umbría, municipio de la… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Umbria — Ombrie Ombrie Informations Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • umbría — {{#}}{{LM SynU40092}}{{〓}} {{CLAVE U45870}}{{\}}{{CLAVE}}{{/}}{{\}}SINÓNIMOS Y ANTÓNIMOS:{{/}} {{[}}umbría{{]}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} = sombra ≠ solana {{#}}{{LM U45870}}{{〓}} {{SynU40092}}{{\}}SINÓNIMOS Y ANTÓNIMOS{{/}} {{[}}umbría{{]}} ‹um·brí·a›… …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • Umbria — Sp Ùmbrija Ap Umbria L Italijos ist. ir adm. sritis …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė