typhoid


typhoid
/tuy"foyd/, Pathol.
n.
1. Also called typhoid fever. an infectious, often fatal, febrile disease, usually of the summer months, characterized by intestinal inflammation and ulceration, caused by the typhoid bacillus, which is usually introduced with food or drink.
adj.
2. resembling typhus; typhous.
3. typhoidal.
[1790-1800; TYPH(US) + -OID]

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Acute infectious disease resembling typhus (and distinguished from it only in the 19th century).

Salmonella typhi, usually ingested in food or water, multiplies in the intestinal wall and then enters the bloodstream, causing septicemia. Symptoms begin with headache, aching, and restlessness. High fever gradually develops, with delirium. A rash appears on the trunk. The sites where the bacilli multiplied become inflamed and may ulcerate, leading to intestinal bleeding or peritonitis. Patients become exhausted and emaciated; up to 25% die if not treated. Antibiotic treatment is effective. Patients can carry typhoid for weeks to months or years. Carriers can contaminate the food they handle. Prevention depends mainly on water and sewage treatment and excluding carriers from food-handling jobs.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Typhoid — Ty phoid, a. [Typhus + oid: cf. F. typho[ i]de, Gr. ?. See {Typhus}.] (Med.) Of or pertaining to typhus; resembling typhus; of a low grade like typhus; as, typhoid symptoms. [1913 Webster] {Typhoid fever}, a disease formerly confounded with… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • typhoid — (adj.) 1800, lit. resembling typhus, from TYPHUS (Cf. typhus) + suffix from Gk. oeides like, from eidos form, shape (see OID (Cf. oid)). The noun is from 1861, a shortened form of typhoid fever (1845), so called because it was originally thought… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Typhoïd — Typhoïd, das (griech, »typhusähnlich«), Bezeichnung verschiedener Krankheitszustände. 1) Der Unterleibstyphus (engl. typhoid fever, franz. fièvre typhoïde, s. Typhus 2). 2) Das biliöse T., früher als besondere Krankheitsform beschrieben, ist… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • typhoid — (also typhoid fever) ► NOUN ▪ an infectious bacterial fever with an eruption of red spots on the chest and abdomen and severe intestinal irritation. ORIGIN from TYPHUS(Cf. ↑typhus) …   English terms dictionary

  • typhoid — [tī′foid΄] n. [ TYPH(US) + OID] 1. Archaic any typhuslike disorder 2. an acute infectious disease caused by a bacillus (Salmonella typhi) and acquired by ingesting food or water contaminated by excreta: it was formerly considered a form of typhus …   English World dictionary

  • Typhoid — Typhoīd (grch.), ein leichterer Unterleibstyphus (s. Typhus). T. des Geflügels, s. Hühnercholera …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • typhoid — I. adjective Etymology: New Latin typhus Date: 1800 1. of, relating to, or suggestive of typhus 2. [typhoid (II)] of, relating to, or constituting typhoid II. noun Date: 1861 1. typhoid fever …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • typhoid — 1. Typhus like; stuporous from fever. 2. SYN: t. fever. [typhus + G. eidos, resemblance] abdominal t. SYN: t. fever. ambulatory t. SYN: walking t.. apyretic t. t. fever in which the temperature does not rise more than a …   Medical dictionary

  • typhoid — n. to contract, develop typhoid * * * [ taɪfɔɪd] develop typhoid to contract …   Combinatory dictionary

  • typhoid — ty|phoid [ˈtaıfɔıd] n also .typhoid fever [U] [Date: 1800 1900; Origin: typhus] a serious infectious disease that is caused by dirty food or drink ▪ a sudden outbreak of typhoid …   Dictionary of contemporary English


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