—Tusculan, adj./tus"kyeuh leuhm/, n.an ancient city of Latium, SE of Rome: Roman villas, esp. that of Cicero.
* * *Located near Rome, it was a Latin settlement as early as the 1st millennium BC and probably was under the influence of the Etruscans. It was a favourite resort of wealthy Romans (1st century BC–4th century AD), and it was the home of orator Marcus Tullius Cicero. Tourist attractions include a Roman forum, a 2nd-century amphitheatre, and a medieval castle.
* * *▪ ancient city, Italyancient Italic city (modern Frascati) in Latium, 15 miles (24 km) southeast of Rome, a favourite resort of wealthy Romans under the late republic and the empire (1st century BC–4th century AD). Tusculum was a Latin settlement during the early Iron Age (early 1st millennium BC) and was probably under Etruscan influence. According to Roman tradition, Octavius Mamilius of Tusculum, son-in-law of the last Roman king, organized a league of 30 Latin cities against Rome in the late 5th century BC, but he was defeated and killed in a battle at Lake Regillus in about 496, which established Roman supremacy over the Latins. Thereafter, Tusculum usually was Rome's loyal ally in wars against Aequi, Volsci, Gauls, and, most famously, the Carthaginians led by Hannibal. In 381 BC Tusculum became the first Latin city to obtain Roman citizenship, but it did join other Latin cities in the revolt of 340 BC. Tusculum held the status of municipium (a community that exercised partial rights of Roman citizenship) during the late republican and early imperial periods. Marcus Porcius Cato, “the Censor” (234–149 BC), was born in Tusculum.The Roman writer Cicero (Cicero, Marcus Tullius) had a villa near Tusculum in the 1st century BC and composed several philosophical works, including Tusculanae disputationes (“Conversations at Tusculum”), there. In the early medieval period, Tusculum was an important stronghold, and its counts were influential at Rome. The Romans finally destroyed it during a war in 1191.The remains of ancient Tusculum include a forum, an amphitheatre of the 2nd century AD, and a complex of buildings wrongly known as the villa of Cicero. The highest point of the city was its citadel, on which are the remains of a medieval castle.
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Tusculum — es el nombre romano clásico de una importante ciudad latina situada en los montes Albanos, en la antigua región del Latium, en Italia. Contenido 1 Localización 2 Historia 2.1 Historia temprana … Wikipedia Español
Tusculum — war im Altertum und Mittelalter eine Stadt in Latium, südöstlich von Rom in den Albaner Bergen, in der Nähe des heutigen Frascati gelegen, in deren Umgebung in der Antike reiche Römer wohnten. Der Begriff wird gelegentlich auch für heutige… … Deutsch Wikipedia
TUSCULUM — Strab. Latii opid. 12. ab Urbe lapide, atduo in collie situm, opus Telegoni, Ulyssis et Circes filii: Eversum. Ptol. et Dio, l. 58. Latinâ formatione id habent Τούσκουλον, Straboni vexo l. 5. et Plutarch. in Cicer. Τούοκλον dicitur. Dionys. autem … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
tusculum — TÚSCULUM s.n. (Ant.) Vin vestit produs în viile din împrejurimile oraşului Tusculum. [< Tusculum – oraş situat în apropierea Romei]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 27.10.2005. Sursa: DN … Dicționar Român
Tusculum — Tusculum, TN U.S. city in Tennessee Population (2000): 2004 Housing Units (2000): 620 Land area (2000): 4.499568 sq. miles (11.653828 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.499568 sq. miles (11.653828 … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tusculum, TN — U.S. city in Tennessee Population (2000): 2004 Housing Units (2000): 620 Land area (2000): 4.499568 sq. miles (11.653828 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.499568 sq. miles (11.653828 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Tuscŭlum — Tuscŭlum, alte feste Stadt in Latium, östlich nicht weit von Rom, in reizender Gegend auf einer Anhöhe des Albanergebirges (Tusculani montes, jetzt noch Monti Tuscolani); in der Nähe mehre Landhäuser vornehmer Römer, u.a. Ciceros Tusculanum. T.… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Tuscŭlum — Tuscŭlum, im Altertum Stadt in Latium, im Albanergebirge gelegen, schloß sich nach der Niederlage der Latiner am See Regillus um 496 an die Römer an und erhielt 379 römisches Bürgerrecht. Am Latinerkrieg (340–338) beteiligte sich T. gegen Rom,… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Tusculum — Tusculum, jetzt Frascati, uralte lat. Stadt, 5 St. südwestl. von Rom, im Albanergebirge; nahe lag Ciceros Lieblingslandgut, das Tusculanum … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
Tusculum — [ Ancient Rome] : For other uses of Tusculum, see Tusculum (disambiguation). Tusculum is the classical Roman name of a major ancient Alban Hills city, in the Latium region of Italy.LocationThe ruins of Tusculum are situated on the Tuscolo hill,… … Wikipedia
Tusculum — 41° 47′ 54″ N 12° 42′ 39″ E / 41.79824, 12.71071 Tusculum, aus … Wikipédia en Français