Tuscarora


Tuscarora
/tus'keuh rawr"euh, -rohr"euh/, n., pl. Tuscaroras, (esp. collectively) Tuscarora.
1. a member of an Indian people living originally in North Carolina and later, after their admission into the Iroquois confederacy, in New York.
2. an Iroquoian language, the language of the Tuscarora people.

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people
      Iroquoian-speaking North American Indian tribe. When first encountered by Europeans in the 17th century, the Tuscarora occupied what is now North Carolina. They were noted for their use of indigenous hemp for fibre and medicine; their name derives from an Iroquoian term for “hemp gatherers.”

      Traditionally, the Tuscarora depended heavily on cultivating corn (maize); they were also expert hunters. Later they expanded their economy by trading rum to neighbouring Indian groups. The typical Tuscarora dwelling was a round lodge of poles overlaid with bark. Evidence suggests that they were organized in exogamous clans, with the clans grouped into two moieties in each of the three tribes constituting the Tuscarora nation.

      After the British established trade in the area (c. 1670), they frequently kidnapped Tuscarora men, women, and children to be sold into slavery; British traders also seized tribal lands without payment. These depredations led to the outbreak of war in 1711, after Tuscarora attempts to obtain relief peacefully were repulsed. Over the following 90 years the Tuscarora moved northward, having been admitted into the Iroquois League (Iroquois Confederacy) (q.v.; Iroquois Confederacy) as the sixth nation. Many Tuscarora supported the revolutionaries in the American War of Independence; those who favoured the British were granted lands on Grand River reservation, in Ontario. The highest estimate of Tuscarora population in the early 17th century was about 5,000. Tuscarora descendants numbered more than 5,600 in the early 21st century.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tuscarora — may refer to the following:Native American*Tuscarora (tribe) *Tuscarora language, an Iroquoian language of the Tuscarora people *Tuscarora War, fought in North Carolina during the autumn of 1711 until 11 February 1715PlacesIn Maryland: *Tuscarora …   Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora — Die Tuscarora (Skarohreh) sind ein Indianervolk Nordamerikas von heute ca. 1000 Angehörigen. Reservate existieren in Ontario, Kanada (Six Nations Reserve) sowie in den USA im US Bundesstaat New York (Tuscarora Indian Reservation im Niagara… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tuscarora —   [englisch tʌskə rɔːrə], ein ursprünglich im Nordosten von North Carolina ansässiges irokesisches Volk, das sich nach einem verlorenen Krieg gegen die Briten (1711 13) mehrheitlich der Irokesischen Liga (Irokesen) anschloss (1722). Die Tuscarora …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tuscarora — Tuscarora, PA U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 939 Housing Units (2000): 488 Land area (2000): 3.589120 sq. miles (9.295779 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001003 sq. miles (0.002599 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.590123 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tuscarora, PA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Pennsylvania Population (2000): 939 Housing Units (2000): 488 Land area (2000): 3.589120 sq. miles (9.295779 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.001003 sq. miles (0.002599 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.590123 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tuscarora — [tus΄kə rôr′ə] n. [< a Five Nations Iroquois language, an adaptation of Tuscarora skarò˙ rənʾ, lit., ? those of the Indian hemp ] 1. pl. Tuscaroras or Tuscarora a member of a North American Indian people, orig. of North Carolina, but after… …   English World dictionary

  • Tuscaróra — Tuscaróra, nordamerikan. Indianerstamm der Irokesen. Früher in Nordcarolina ansässig, wurden die T. 1712 in den Bund der Irokesen (s. d.) aufgenommen und folgten Ende des 18. Jahrh. den Mohawk nach Kanada. Reste des Stammes bewohnen eine… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tuscarora — Tuscarōra, Kriegsschiff der Ver. Staaten, auf dem 1873 75 eine Expedition die Tiefen des Stillen Ozeans erforscht hat. Von ihr wurde die bis dahin größte Meerestiefe (Tuscaroratiefe, 8513 m) im Stillen Ozean, 200 km östl. von der Kurileninsel… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tuscarora — (Töskärorä), s. Irokesen …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tuscarora — Iroquoian people, 1640s, from Iroquoian, lit. hemp gatherers …   Etymology dictionary


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