turf


turf
turfless, adj.turflike, adj.
/terrf/, n., pl. turfs, (esp. Brit.) turves; v.
n.
1. a layer of matted earth formed by grass and plant roots.
2. peat, esp. as material for fuel.
3. a block or piece of peat dug for fuel.
4. Slang.
a. the neighborhood over which a street gang asserts its authority.
b. a familiar area, as of residence or expertise: Denver is her turf. When you talk literature you're getting into my turf.
5. Chiefly Brit. a piece cut or torn from the surface of grassland; sod.
6. the turf,
a. the track over which horse races are run.
b. the practice or sport of racing horses.
v.t.
7. to cover with turf or sod.
8. Brit. Slang. to remove from a desirable office or position; expel; kick out: He was turfed from leadership of the group.
[bef. 900; 1930-35 for def. 5; ME, OE, c. D turf, G Torf ( < LG), ON torf, akin to Skt darbha tuft of grass. See TURBARY]

* * *

In horticulture, the surface layer of soil with its matted, dense vegetation, usually grasses grown for ornamental or recreational use.

Such turf grasses include Kentucky bluegrass, creeping bent grass, fine or red fescue, and perennial ryegrass among the popular cool-season types, and Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, and St. Augustine grass among the warm-season types. Turf grasses are often grown on turf, or sod, farms. Plugs, blocks, squares, or strips are cut and transplanted to areas where they quickly establish and grow. Lawns are fine-textured turfs that are mowed regularly and closely to develop into dense, uniformly green coverings that beautify open spaces and provide sports playing surfaces (e.g., tennis lawns, golf and bowling greens, and racing turfs).

* * *

lawn
      in horticulture, the surface layer of soil with its matted, dense vegetation, usually grasses grown for ornamental or recreational use. Such turf grasses include Kentucky bluegrass, creeping bent grass, fine or red fescue, and perennial ryegrass among the popular cool-season types and Bermuda grass, zoysia grass, and St. Augustine grass among the warm-season types.

      Turf grasses are often grown on turf, or sod, farms. Portions of the sod—as plugs, blocks, squares, or strips of turf grass—are cut and transplanted to areas where they quickly establish and grow. Lawns are fine-textured turfs that are mowed regularly and closely to develop into dense, uniformly green coverings that beautify open spaces and provide sports playing surfaces, as in tennis lawns, golf and bowling greens, and racing turfs. See also bent grass; Bermuda grass; bluegrass; carpet grass; fescue; ryegrass; Zoysia.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • turf — turf …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • turf — [ tyrf; tɶrf ] n. m. • 1828; mot angl. « pelouse » → 2. tourbe 1 ♦ Terrain où se disputent les courses de chevaux. ♢ Ce qui concerne les courses de chevaux, leur préparation (entraînement) et les activités qui en dépendent (paris, etc.). ⇒ cheval …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Turf — (t[^u]rf), n.; pl. {Turfs}, Obs. {Turves}. [AS. turf; akin to D. turf peat, G. torf, OHG. zurba turf, Sw. & Icel. torf turf, peat, Dan. t[ o]rv, Skr. darbha a kind of grass, a tuft of grass. [root]242.] 1. That upper stratum of earth and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turf — TURF, turfuri, s.n. (livr.) Hipodrom; p. ext. cursă de cai. – Din fr. turf. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  TURF s. v. hipodrom. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  turf s. n …   Dicționar Român

  • turf — UK US /tɜːf/ noun [U] ► an area of activity in which a person or company has a lot of knowledge and experience and which they believe belongs to them: »By launching a line in beauty products they are challenging the bigger company on its own turf …   Financial and business terms

  • Turf — may refer to: * Lawn, an area of grass maintained for decorative or recreational use * Sod, the surface layer of ground consisting of a matt of grass and grass roots, sometimes used as a construction material * Artificial turf, is a man made… …   Wikipedia

  • turf — turf; turf·dom; turf·en; turf·ite; turf·man; As·tro·turf; …   English syllables

  • turf|y — «TUR fee», adjective, turf|i|er, turf|i|est. 1. covered with turf; grassy. 2. like turf. 3. like peat; full of peat …   Useful english dictionary

  • turf — ► NOUN (pl. turfs or turves) 1) grass and the surface layer of earth held together by its roots. 2) a piece of such grass and earth cut from the ground. 3) (the turf) horse racing or racecourses generally. 4) (one s turf) informal one s territory …   English terms dictionary

  • Turf — Turf, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Turfed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Turfing}.] To cover with turf or sod; as, to turf a bank, of the border of a terrace. A. Tucker. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turf — (turf) s. m. Lieu où se font les courses de chevaux. Sur le turf. Un habitué du turf. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Angl. turf, champ de gazon …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.