Tuareg


Tuareg
/twah"reg/, n.
1. a Berber or Hamitic-speaking member of the Muslim nomads of the Sahara.
2. the language of the Tuaregs, a Berber language of the Afroasiatic family.
[ < dial. Ar Tawarig]

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A member of a nomadic Berber-speaking people of the southwestern Sahara in Africa.

Their feudal, matrilineal culture divides society into nobles, clergy, vassals, artisans, and labourers (once slaves). Northern Tuareg live mainly in true desert; southern Tuareg live in steppe and savanna. They have traditionally engaged in herding, agriculture, convoying caravans across their territories, and raiding neighbouring tribes. They combine many pre-Islamic rituals and customs with Sunnite Muslim beliefs. Droughts in the 1970s and '80s reduced their numbers and eroded their traditional way of life.

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people
French  Touareg  
 Berber-speaking pastoralists who inhabit an area in North and West Africa ranging from Touat, Alg., and Ghudāmis, Libya, to northern Nigeria and from Fezzan, Libya, to Timbuktu, Mali. Their political organizations extend across national boundaries. In the late 20th century there were estimated to be 900,000 Tuareg.

      The northern Tuareg live mainly in true desert country, whereas the southerners live primarily in steppe and savanna. The Tuareg consist of confederations including the Ahaggar (Hoggar) and Azjer (Ajjer) in the north and the Asben (Aïr Tuareg), Ifora, Itesen (Kel Geres), Aulliminden, and Kel Tademaket in the south. The southerners breed zebu cattle and camels, some of which are sold to the northern Tuareg. Raiding of caravans and travelers was important in pre-European times, as was caravan trading, which declined with the introduction of motor vehicles. Droughts across southern Mauritania, Senegal, Niger, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), and Chad in the 1970s and '80s both reduced the numbers of the southern Tuareg and eroded their traditional pastoral way of life.

      Tuareg society is traditionally feudal, ranging from nobles, through clergy, vassals, and artisans, to labourers (once slaves). The conventional Tuareg dwelling is a tent of red-dyed skin (sometimes replaced in the later 20th century with plastic). Traditional weapons include two-edged swords, sheathed daggers, iron lances, and leather shields. Adult males wear a blue veil in the presence of women, strangers, and in-laws, but that practice began to be abandoned with urbanization. They have preserved a peculiar script (tifinagh) related to that used by ancient Libyans.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tuareg — ‘De cierta tribu nómada bereber del Sáhara’. Referido a persona, se emplea frecuentemente como sustantivo. Su plural es tuaregs (→ plural, 1h). No debe usarse como invariable (→ plural, 2.2): ⊕ los tuareg …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Tuareg — [twä′reg΄] n. [< Ar tawārig, pl. of targwī: meaning unknown ] 1. pl. Tuaregs or Tuareg a member of a Berber people of the W and central Sahara 2. the variety of Berber spoken by this people …   English World dictionary

  • Tuareg — (Tuarik, Singular Targi), wichtigster Berberstamm der Sahara, der sich selbst Imoscharh (Imuharh, Imazirhen) nennt. Zwischen Atlas (N.) und Niger (S.) sowie den maurischen Stämmen (W.) und den Tibbu (O.) wohnen sie vornehmlich in den Oasen Tuat,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tuareg — (Einzahl Targi, Tergi), die Bewohner der mittlern Sahara, zu den Berbern gehörig, Mohammedaner, etwa 300.000 Köpfe, mit eigener Sprache (Tamaschek). – Vgl. Bissuel (franz., 1888), Fermé (franz., 1900), Dex (franz., 1901), Köhler (1904); Grammatik …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • tuareg — tuarég (tu a ) adj. m., s. m., pl. tuarégi; adj. f., s. f. tuarégă, pl. tuarége Trimis de gall, 09.06.2008. Sursa: DOOM 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • tuareg — 1. adj. Se dice del individuo de un pueblo bereber nómada del Sahara. U. t. c. s.) 2. Perteneciente o relativo a este pueblo …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Tuareg — Infobox Ethnic group group=Tuareg poptime=1.2 million [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/6982266.stm] popplace=flag|Niger: 720,000 (1998) flag|Mali: 440,000 (1991) flag|Algeria: 25,000 (1987) flag|Burkina Faso: 60,000 (1991) flag|Libya: 17,000… …   Wikipedia

  • Tuareg — Karte der Gebiete, in denen eine bedeutende Anzahl an Tuareg lebt Tuareg, Algerien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tuareg — Para el modelo de automóvil, véase Volkswagen Touareg. Tuareg Imuhagh Población total 1.200.000 Idioma lenguas tamahaq tamasheg (ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵥⵉⵖⵜ): tamasheg, tamajeq, tamahaq. Religión Islam sincrético …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tuareg —    They are commonly known as a Berber speaking pastoralist and matrilineal society of the Sahara. They are also known in travel literature as the veiled blue men of the Sahara. However, during the last four decades, the number of pastoralists… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • Tuareg — Tu|a|reg I 〈Pl.; Sg.: Targi〉 die Angehörigen eines berber. Volkes in der westl. Sahara II 〈n.; ; unz.〉 zu den hamit. Sprachen gehörende Sprache der Tuareg * * * Tu|a|reg [auch: tu̯a rɛk ] <Pl. v. ↑ Targi: Berber in den Gebirgen der westlichen… …   Universal-Lexikon


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