trout


trout
troutless, adj.troutlike, adj.
/trowt/, n., pl. (esp. collectively) trout, (esp. referring to two or more kinds or species) trouts.
1. any of several game fishes of the genus Salmo, related to the salmon. Cf. brown trout, cutthroat trout, rainbow trout.
2. any of various game fishes of the salmon family of the genus Salvelinus. Cf. brook trout (def. 1), char2, Dolly Varden (def. 4), lake trout.
3. any of several unrelated fishes, as a bass, Micropterus salmoides, a drum of the genus Cynoscion, or a greenling of the genus Hexagrammos.
[bef. 1050; ME trou(h)te, OE truht < L tructa < Gk tróktes gnawer, a sea fish, equiv. to tróg(ein) to gnaw + -tes agent n. suffix]

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I
Any of several prized game and food fishes of the family Salmonidae, native to the Northern Hemisphere but widely introduced elsewhere.

Though most species inhabit cool fresh waters, a few (called sea trout; e.g., cutthroat trout) migrate to the sea between spawnings. Some weakfish are also called sea trout. The genus Oncorhynchus includes salmon and several trout species; Salvelinus contains trout species regarded as chars. Trout species vary greatly in anatomy, colour, and habits. Most live among submerged objects or in riffles and deep pools, eating insects, small fishes and their eggs, and crustaceans. See also brook trout; brown trout; lake trout; rainbow trout.
II
(as used in expressions)
Great Lakes trout
Mackinaw trout

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fish
 any of several prized game and food fishes of the family Salmonidae (salmon) (order Salmoniformes) that are usually restricted to freshwater, though a few types migrate to the sea between spawnings. Trout are closely related to salmon. They are important sport fishes and are often raised in hatcheries for later transferral to habitable bodies of water.

      Trout belong mainly to two genera: Oncorhynchus and Salvelinus. The genus Oncorhynchus includes the salmon as well as several trout species, while the genus Salvelinus contains several trout species that may be regarded as chars. Members of the two genera are chiefly distinguished by differences in body colouring, the shape of the vomer bone in the roof of the mouth, and the teeth. Chars tend to have red- or cream-coloured spots on a darker-coloured body. They are further distinguished by teeth set on the head (front) of the vomer, not on its shaft. Members of Salvelinus whose vomer is boat-shaped rather than flat are properly called char (q.v.). Oncorhynchus trout tend to have red or black spots on a lighter-coloured body; their teeth are sparser and are on the front and shaft of the vomer. Several trout species that were formerly classified in the genus Salmo are now placed in the genus Oncorhynchus; the brown trout is the only trout still classified as Salmo.

      These distinctions notwithstanding, the trout remain among the most difficult fishes to classify. The confusion stems from the aforementioned irregularities in anatomy and from great variation in colour and habits. The classification of species into genera remains problematic because of the ease of hybridization among trout and the intermixing of introduced and native species.

      Trout usually live in cool freshwater, often among submerged objects or in riffles and deep pools. They are native to the Northern Hemisphere but have been widely introduced to other areas. Their diet consists of insects, small fishes and their eggs, and crustaceans. Trout spawn between fall and spring and bury their eggs in a gravel nest scooped out by the female on a streambed. The few forms that migrate to sea between spawnings return to streams at this time. The eggs take two to three months to hatch, and the newly hatched trout, or fry, become known as fingerlings when they leave the nest and begin feeding on plankton.

      The genus Salvelinus contains the brook trout, Dolly Varden trout, lake trout (qq.v.), and bull trout. These are all species of chars. The genus Oncorhynchus contains the cutthroat trout, rainbow trout (qq.v.), and the golden trout. The golden trout (O. aguabonita) is a mountain trout of clear waters in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California. The brown trout (q.v.), Salmo trutta, is a common European trout that has been widely introduced into suitable waters around the world. Salmon trout is a common name for the brown, lake, cutthroat, and sea-run rainbow trout. Sea trout is the common name for various trout and chars that enter the sea.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trout — (trout), n. [AS. truht, L. tructa, tructus; akin to Gr. trw kths a sea fish with sharp teeth, fr. trw gein to gnaw.] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of fishes belonging to {Salmo}, {Salvelinus}, and allied genera of the family… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • trout — [trout] n. pl. trout or trouts [ME troute < OE truht < LL tructus, tructa < Gr trōktēs, kind of fish < trōgein, to gnaw: see TROGLODYTE] 1. any salmonid; esp., any of various food and game fishes that are usually speckled and found… …   English World dictionary

  • Trout — ist der Familienname von: Jack Trout, US amerikanischer Unternehmer und Eigentümer des strategischen Marketingbüros Trout Partners Walter Trout (* 1951), US amerikanischer Komponist, Gitarrist und Sänger Siehe auch: Trout (Louisiana), Ort in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • trout — trout·er; trout·less; trout·let; trout; trout·ling; …   English syllables

  • trout — [traut] n ↑fin, ↑gill [Date: 1000 1100; : Late Latin; Origin: tructa type of fish with sharp teeth, from Greek, from trogein to bite ] 1.) plural trout [U and C] a common river fish, often used for food, or the flesh of this fish 2.) …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • trout — O.E. truht trout, in part from O.Fr. truite, both from L.L. tructa, perhaps from Gk. troktes a kind of sea fish, lit. nibbler, from trogein to gnaw, from PIE root *tere (see THROW (Cf. throw)). In late 17c. slang, trusty trout was used in a sense …   Etymology dictionary

  • trout — ► NOUN (pl. same or trouts) ▪ an edible fish of the salmon family, chiefly inhabiting fresh water. ● old trout Cf. ↑old trout ORIGIN Old English, from Greek tr gein gnaw …   English terms dictionary

  • trout — [ traut ] (plural trout) noun count a fish that lives in rivers and lakes a. uncount this fish eaten as food …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • trout — is the same in the plural, except that old trout (a depreciatory slang term for an old woman) has the plural form old trouts …   Modern English usage

  • Trout — For other uses, see Trout (disambiguation). Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss …   Wikipedia


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