Tripolitan War


Tripolitan War
a war (1801-05) that Tripoli declared on the United States because of American refusal to pay tribute for the safe passage of shipping in Barbary Coastal waters. Cf. Barbary Coast Wars.

* * *

(1801–05) Conflict between the U.S. and Tripoli.

The U.S. refused to continue paying tribute to the rulers of the North African Barbary Coast states, which had bought immunity from pirate attacks in the Mediterranean. The pasha of Tripoli demanded greater tribute and then declared war on the U.S. (1801). A U.S. naval squadron was sent to Tripolitan waters and fought several skirmishes, including a raid by Stephen Decatur. A U.S. naval blockade and an overland expedition from Egypt ended the war with a peace treaty favourable to the U.S.

* * *

▪ United States-Tripoli
      (1801–05), conflict between the United States and Tripoli (now in Libya), incited by American refusal to continue payment of tribute to the piratical rulers of the North African Barbary States of Algiers, Tunis, Morocco, and Tripoli; this practice had been customary among European nations and the nascent United States in exchange for immunity from attack on merchant vessels in the Mediterranean.

      A demand from the pasha of Tripoli for greater tribute and his dramatic declaration of war on the United States (May 14, 1801) coincided with a decision by President Thomas Jefferson's (Jefferson, Thomas) administration to demonstrate American resolve. Despite his opposition to the expense of maintaining a navy, Jefferson dispatched an American naval squadron to Tripolitan waters. By means of a special “Mediterranean Fund,” the navy—which had been partially dismantled and was perhaps nearing extinction—actually increased in size.

      During the following years, American warships fought in the waters around Tripoli, and, in 1803, when Commodore Edward Preble (Preble, Edward) became commander of the Mediterranean squadron, greater successes ensued. The intrepid Preble sailed into Tangiers to rescue a number of American prisoners, and, on Feb. 16, 1804, he ordered his young lieutenant, Stephen Decatur, to undertake the spectacular raid in which the captured U.S. frigate Philadelphia was destroyed in the harbour of Tripoli.

      The combination of a strong American naval blockade and an overland expedition from Egypt finally brought the war to a close, with a treaty of peace (June 4, 1805) favourable to the United States. The other Barbary rulers, though considerably chastened, continued to receive some tribute until 1816.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tripolitan War — war fought in 1801 05 between the Barbary states and the United States after the United States refused to pay to protect themselves from piracy in the Barbary region …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Tripolitan War — a war (1801 05) that Tripoli declared on the United States because of American refusal to pay tribute for the safe passage of shipping in Barbary Coastal waters. Cf. Barbary Coast Wars …   Useful english dictionary

  • war — war1 /wawr/, n., v., warred, warring, adj. n. 1. a conflict carried on by force of arms, as between nations or between parties within a nation; warfare, as by land, sea, or air. 2. a state or period of armed hostility or active military… …   Universalium

  • First Barbary War — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Barbary War caption=Burning of the frigate Philadelphia in the harbor of Tripoli, February 16, 1804, by Edward Moran, painted 1897, depicts a naval action of the First Barbary War. date=1801–1805… …   Wikipedia

  • Fendall family — The Fendall family was a prominent political family that had its beginnings when Josias Fendall (ca. 1628 1687), immigrated to Maryland in the early 1650 s. He was appointed the 4th proprietary Governor of Maryland from 1656 1660.Lineage*Gov.… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Tripoli Harbor — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Tripoli Harbor caption= Burning of the frigate Philadelphia in the harbor of Tripoli, February 16, 1804 , by Edward Moran, painted 1897, depicts a naval action of the First Barbary War partof=First… …   Wikipedia

  • Chronology for the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914 —  Cross references to entries in the main entry section are in boldface.  1. Napoleonic Wars, 1800 1815  1799–1804: The Consulate ends the France’s revolutionary period. A dictatorship by Napoleon  Bonaparte with the formal trappings of a republic …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Jonathan Thorn — (8 January 1779 ndash; 15 June 1811) was an officer of the United States Navy in the early 1800s. He was born on 8 January 1779 at Schenectady, N.Y.. He was appointed a midshipman on 28 April 1800. Subsequently serving with the Navy during the… …   Wikipedia

  • Hull, Isaac — born March 9, 1773, Derby, Conn. died Feb. 13, 1843, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. U.S. naval officer. A nephew of William Hull, he was master of a ship by age 19. He was commissioned a lieutenant aboard the USS Constitution in 1798, becoming its… …   Universalium

  • Tripolitania — [trip΄ə lə tā′nē ə] historical region of NW Libya, on the Mediterranean * * * Tri·pol·i·ta·ni·a (trĭ pŏl ĭ tāʹnē ə, tānʹyə, trĭp ə lĭ ) A historical region of northern Africa bordering on the Mediterranean Sea. Originally a Phoenician colony, it… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.