Trinity


Trinity
/trin"i tee/, n., pl. Trinities for 2, 4.
1. Also called Blessed Trinity, Holy Trinity. the union of three persons (Father, Son, and Holy Ghost) in one Godhead, or the threefold personality of the one Divine Being.
2. a representation of this in art.
4. (l.c.) a group of three; triad.
5. (l.c.) the state of being threefold or triple.
[1175-1225; ME Trinite < OF < LL trinitas triad, trio, the Trinity, equiv. to trin(us) threefold (see TRINE) + -itas -ITY]

* * *

 in Christian doctrine, the unity of Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three persons in one Godhead.

      Neither the word Trinity nor the explicit doctrine appears in the New Testament, nor did Jesus (Jesus Christ) and his followers intend to contradict the Shema in the Hebrew Scriptures: “Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord” (Deuteronomy 6:4). The earliest Christians, however, had to cope with the implications of the coming of Jesus Christ and of the presumed presence and power of God among them—i.e., the Holy Spirit, whose coming was connected with the celebration of the Pentecost. The Father, Son, and Holy Spirit were associated in such New Testament passages as the Great Commission: “Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit” (Matthew 28:19); and in the apostolic benediction: “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ and the love of God and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit be with you all” (2 Corinthians 13:14). Thus, the New Testament established the basis for the doctrine of the Trinity.

      The doctrine developed gradually over several centuries and through many controversies. Initially, both the requirements of monotheism inherited from the Hebrew Scriptures and the implications of the need to interpret the biblical teaching to Greco-Roman religions seemed to demand that the divine in Christ as the Word, or Logos, be interpreted as subordinate to the Supreme Being. An alternative solution was to interpret Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as three modes of the self-disclosure of the one God but not as distinct within the being of God itself. The first tendency recognized the distinctness among the three, but at the cost of their equality and hence of their unity (subordinationism); the second came to terms with their unity, but at the cost of their distinctness as “persons” (modalism). It was not until the 4th century that the distinctness of the three and their unity were brought together in a single orthodox doctrine of one essence and three persons.

      The Council of Nicaea (Nicaea, Council of) in 325 stated the crucial formula for that doctrine in its confession that the Son is “of the same substance [homoousios] as the Father,” even though it said very little about the Holy Spirit. Over the next half century, Athanasius defended and refined the Nicene formula, and, by the end of the 4th century, under the leadership of Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nyssa, and Gregory of Nazianzus (the Cappadocian Fathers), the doctrine of the Trinity took substantially the form it has maintained ever since. It is accepted in all of the historic confessions of Christianity, even though the impact of the Enlightenment decreased its importance.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trinity — (englisch für Dreifaltigkeit) bezeichnet das englische Wort für den theologischen Begriff der Trinität den ersten Sonntag nach Pfingsten, siehe Trinitatis ein göttliches Dreigestirn im Hinduismus, siehe Trimurti den Codenamen des US Militärs für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trinity — Trinity, AL U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 1841 Housing Units (2000): 728 Land area (2000): 3.620374 sq. miles (9.376724 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.620374 sq. miles (9.376724 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Trinity — (trinidad, en inglés) puede referirse a: la prueba Trinity, la primera de un arma nuclear por los EE UU. Trinity, un personaje de ficción del universo de Matrix. Trinity Blood, un manga y anime de acción vampírica. Blade: Trinity, una película de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Trinity — Trin i*ty, n. [OE. trinitee, F. trinit[ e], L. trinitas, fr. trini three each. See {Trinal}.] 1. (Christian Theol.) The union of three persons (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost) in one Godhead, so that all the three are one God as to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Trinity FM — is the marketing name of the Dublin University Radio Society, a society in Trinity College Dublin [http://www.tcd.ie/about/calendar/pdf/societies.pdf] . The Society runs a radio station, broadcasting in the centre of Dublin six weeks a year. It… …   Wikipedia

  • trinity — [trin′i tē] n. pl. trinities [ME trinite < OFr trinité < L trinitas, triad, in LL(Ec), the Trinity (infl. by Gr trias) < trinus: see TRINE & ITY] 1. the condition of being three or threefold 2. a set of three persons or things that form… …   English World dictionary

  • Trinity, AL — U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 1841 Housing Units (2000): 728 Land area (2000): 3.620374 sq. miles (9.376724 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.620374 sq. miles (9.376724 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Trinity, FL — U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 4279 Housing Units (2000): 1863 Land area (2000): 4.721134 sq. miles (12.227680 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 4.721134 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Trinity, NC — U.S. city in North Carolina Population (2000): 6690 Housing Units (2000): 2759 Land area (2000): 16.897125 sq. miles (43.763351 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.096566 sq. miles (0.250104 sq. km) Total area (2000): 16.993691 sq. miles (44.013455 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Trinity, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 2721 Housing Units (2000): 1284 Land area (2000): 3.778128 sq. miles (9.785305 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.778128 sq. miles (9.785305 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • trinity — ► NOUN (pl. trinities) 1) (the Trinity or the Holy Trinity) the three persons of the Christian Godhead; Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. 2) a group of three people or things. ORIGIN Latin trinitas triad , from trinus threefold …   English terms dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.