Trinitarian


Trinitarian
/trin'i tair"ee euhn/, adj.
1. believing in or adhering to the doctrine of the Trinity.
2. pertaining to Trinitarians, or believers in the doctrine of the Trinity.
3. belonging or pertaining to the religious order of Trinitarians.
4. of or pertaining to the Trinity.
5. (l.c.) forming a trinity; threefold; triple.
n.
6. a person who believes in the doctrine of the Trinity.
7. a member of the "Order of the Holy Trinity," a religious order founded in 1198 to redeem Christian captives of the Muslims.
[1555-65; < NL trinitari(us) of the Trinity (see TRINITY, -ARY) + -AN]

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▪ religious order
member of  Order of the Most Holy Trinity for the Redemption of Captives (O.SS.T.) 

      a Roman Catholic order of men founded in France in 1198 by St. John of Matha (John Of Matha, Saint) to free Christian slaves from captivity under the Muslims in the Middle East, North Africa, and Spain. St. Felix of Valois (Felix of Valois, Saint) has been traditionally considered as cofounder, but recent critics have questioned his existence. The order had its own rule, distinguished for its austerity, and devoted one-third of its possessions and revenues to the liberation of slaves. No accurate figure for the number of captives ransomed can be given, but it has been estimated that the total was as high as 140,000. Because slavery is no longer an international problem, the order now devotes itself to teaching, giving missions, and serving in parishes, hospitals, and prisons. The order is said to have numbered 5,000 members in 1240, but, by the end of the Middle Ages, a decline had set in, and various reforms were attempted during the 16th century. In 1597 a reform called the Barefooted (Discalced) Trinitarians was initiated in Spain by Juan Bautista of the Immaculate Conception; this became a distinct order and is the only surviving branch of the Trinitarians.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • trinitarian — TRINITARIÁN, Ă, trinitarieni, e, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. Credincios creştin care acceptă ca dogmă de bază existenţa trinităţii. 2. adj. Care aparţine trinitarienilor (1), privitor la trinitarieni. [pr.: ri an] – Din engl. trinitarian …   Dicționar Român

  • Trinitarian — Trin i*ta ri*an, a. [Cf. F. trinitaire. See {Trinity}.] Of or pertaining to the Trinity, the doctrine of the Trinity, or believers in that doctrine. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Trinitarian — Trin i*ta ri*an, n. 1. One who believes in the doctrine of the Trinity. [1913 Webster] 2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a monastic order founded in Rome in 1198 by St. John of Matha, and an old French hermit, Felix of Valois, for the purpose of redeeming… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Trinitarian — [trin΄i ter′ē ən] adj. [ModL trinitarius < LL(Ec) trinitas] 1. a) of the Trinity or the doctrine of the Trinity b) believing in the doctrine of the Trinity 2. [t ] forming a trinity; threefold n. a believer in the doctrine of the Trinity… …   English World dictionary

  • Trinitarian — The word trinitarian is used in several senses: *Ideas or things pertaining to the Holy Trinity. *A person or group adhering to the doctrine of Trinitarianism, which holds God to subsist in the form of the Holy Trinity. *The Trinitarian Order is… …   Wikipedia

  • Trinitarian — Redemptionist Re*demp tion*ist, n. (R.C.Ch.) A monk of an order founded in 1197; so called because the order was especially devoted to the redemption of Christians held in captivity by the Mohammedans. Called also {Trinitarian}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Trinitarian — 1. noun a) Someone who believes in the Trinity. b) A member of the Trinitarian order. 2. adjective a) Believing in the Trinity. b) Of or pertaining in the d …   Wiktionary

  • trinitarian — adjective Date: 1628 1. capitalized of or relating to the Trinity, the doctrine of the Trinity, or adherents to that doctrine 2. having three parts or aspects ; threefold …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Trinitarian — noun Date: 1628 1. a member of a religious teaching and nursing order for men founded in France in 1198 by John of Matha and Philip of Valois 2. one who subscribes to the doctrine of the Trinity • Trinitarianism noun …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Trinitarian — Trin·i·tar·i·an || ‚trɪnɪ teÉ™rɪən n. believer in the unity of Father Son and Holy Spirit; member of the Roman Catholic Order of the Holy Trinity (Christianity) adj. of or pertaining to the doctrine of the unity of Father Son and Holy… …   English contemporary dictionary


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