Trenton


Trenton
Trentonian /tren toh"nee euhn/, n.
/tren"tn/, n.
1. a city in and the capital of New Jersey, in the W part, on the Delaware River: Washington defeated Hessian troops here 1776. 92,124.
2. a city in SE Michigan, S of Detroit. 22,762.
3. a town in SE Ontario, in S Canada. 15,085.

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City (pop., 2000: 85,403), capital of New Jersey, U.S. It lies at the head of navigation on the Delaware River.

Settled с 1679 by English Quakers, it was incorporated in 1745. On Dec. 25, 1776, George Washington led his army across the ice-choked Delaware River to attack Hessian troops quartered at Trenton (see battles of Trenton and Princeton). It served as temporary capital of the U.S. in 1784 and 1799 and was made the state capital in 1790. The completion of a canal and railroad line in the 1830s spurred Trenton's industrial development, and it remains an industrial city.

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      city, southwestern suburb of Detroit, Wayne county, southeastern Michigan, U.S. It lies along the Detroit River, opposite Grosse Ile. The site of the Battle of Monguagon during the War of 1812 (1812, War of), it was settled by Maj. Abram Caleb Truax in 1816. It was laid out as Truaxton in 1834 and was called Truago from 1837 until renamed in 1847 for the Trenton Limestone Series rock formation that underlies the district. The town's early development was based on the steamboat trade, shipbuilding, limestone quarrying, and fishing. Economic factors now include planned industrial development (automotive, electric power, steel, and plastics). Elizabeth Park, a 162-acre (66-hectare) island in the Detroit River adjacent to the city, is a recreation area popular with the local residents. Inc. village, 1855; city, 1957. Pop. (2000) 19,584; (2005 est.) 19,311.

      city and capital of New Jersey, U.S., seat (1837) of Mercer county, and industrial metropolis at the head of navigation on the Delaware River. It lies 28 miles (45 km) northeast of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and about 55 miles (89 km) southwest of New York City.

      The original settlement (1679) by Mahlon Stacy and other Quakers was known as The Falls and later Stacy's Mills. In 1714 William Trent, a Philadelphia merchant, bought 800 acres (324 hectares) from Stacy's son and laid out the town, which was named in his honour in 1719. On Christmas night 1776, General George Washington (Washington, George) led the American army (American Revolution) of 2,400 soldiers across the ice-choked Delaware at McKonkey's Ferry (now commemorated by Washington Crossing State Park), just north of Trenton (Trenton and Princeton, battles of), and the next morning attacked the 1,500 Hessian troops under Colonel Johann Rall who were quartered in the town. The surprise attack resulted in a victory for the Americans. On January 2, 1777, the British general Lord Cornwallis (Cornwallis, Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess and 2nd Earl, Viscount Brome, Baron Cornwallis of Eye) arrived in Trenton, but Washington withdrew to Princeton, New Jersey, where he defeated a British detachment under Colonel Charles Mawhood. Trenton served as the temporary capital of the United States in 1784 and again in 1799; the city became the capital of New Jersey in 1790.

      The completion of the Delaware and Raritan Canal and the Camden and Amboy Railroad in the 1830s spurred Trenton's industrial development, which since the 1730s had included the iron industry. The industrialist Peter Cooper (Cooper, Peter) opened a rolling mill in Trenton in 1845; in 1848 the engineer John Roebling (Roebling, John Augustus) moved his wire mill there, where he manufactured cable for suspension bridges, including the Brooklyn Bridge; and in 1868 Cooper's partner, Abram Stevens Hewitt (Hewitt, Abram Stevens), introduced into the United States the open-hearth process for making steel. Potteries have operated in Trenton since 1723, and in the late 19th century Walter Scott Lenox developed an international reputation with the fine china his firm made in Trenton. The railroad, trucking, rubber, plastics, metalworking, electrical, automobile parts, glass, and textile industries are now among the city's foremost enterprises.

      The College of New Jersey (New Jersey, College of) was founded in Trenton in 1855 and is now in nearby Ewing; other colleges include Rider University (1865) in nearby Lawrenceville and Mercer County Community College (1966). The revolutionary battle is commemorated by a 150-foot (45-metre) monument topped by a statue of Washington. The restored William Trent House (1719) is the city's oldest landmark. The gilt-domed State House (1792) is adjacent to the New Jersey State Cultural Center, which contains a museum, auditorium, planetarium, and state library. The Old Barracks (1758–59; erected as winter quarters for British troops during the French and Indian War) and the Old Masonic Lodge (1793) are in Stacy Park; the Douglass House (1766), where Washington held a council of war (January 2, 1777), has been moved several times and is now in the Mill Hill historic district. The War Memorial Building (1931–32) is used for the inauguration of New Jersey governors. Inc. borough and town, 1745; city, 1792. Pop. (2000) city, 85,403; Trenton-Ewing MSA, 350,761; (2007 est.) city, 82,804; Trenton-Ewing MSA 365,443.

      former city, Hastings county, southeastern Ontario, Canada, since 1998 incorporated into the city of Quinte West. It is a port of entry on the Bay of Quinte, on the northern shore of Lake Ontario, and lies at the mouth of the Trent River and at the southern end of the Trent Canal system. First settled by loyalists (loyalist) in 1792 as Trent Port, it was renamed Trent Town and later Trenton. Its economy, once dominated by lumber and transportation, now includes diversified manufacturing. A Royal Canadian Air Force transport base is to the east of Trenton. It was incorporated as a village in 1853, a town in 1880, and a city in 1980 prior to becoming part of Quinte West. Pop. (2006) Quinte West, 42,697.

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Universalium. 2010.

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