Trappist

Trappist
/trap"ist/, n.
1. Rom. Cath. Ch. a member of a branch of the Cistercian order, observing the austere reformed rule established at La Trappe in 1664.
adj.
2. of or pertaining to the Trappists.
[1805-15; < F trappiste, based on the name of the monastery. See LA TRAPPE, -IST]

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▪ religious order
member of  Order of the Reformed Cistercians of the Strict Observance (O.C.S.O.) 

      a branch of the Roman Catholic Cistercians, founded by the converted courtier Armand de Rancé (1626–1700), who had governed the Cistercian abbey of La Trappe in France, which he transformed (1662) into a community practicing extreme austerity of diet, penitential exercises, and absolute silence. He became its regular abbot in 1664 and, for more than 30 years, kept the abbey under his forceful sway.

      In 1792 the monks were ejected from La Trappe, and a number of them, led by Dom Augustine de Lestrange, settled at Val-Sainte in Fribourg, Switz., where they adopted an even more rigid life and made several foundations before their expulsion in 1798. Long years of wandering in Russia and Germany were followed in 1814 by a return to La Trappe; they were the first religious order to revive after the French Revolution and, at the death of Lestrange in 1827, numbered 700. Their increase has never ceased, and by the late 20th century there were abbeys worldwide, including several in England, Scotland, Canada, the United States, Australia, and South Africa. The three existing congregations of Trappists were united by Pope Leo XIII as the independent Reformed Cistercians of the Strict Observance; they follow the primitive custom of Cîteaux with an emphasis on silence and austerity but without the rigid regulations of the early Trappists. After World War II their growth was particularly notable in France and the United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Trappist — Trap pist, n. [F. trappiste.] (R. C. Ch.) A monk belonging to a branch of the Cistercian Order, which was established by Armand de Ranc[ e] in 1660 at the monastery of La Trappe in Normandy. Extreme austerity characterizes their discipline. They… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Trappist — Trappist, spanischer Kartheusermönch, eigentlich Antonio Marañon, welcher sich in dem Spanischen Insurrectionskriege 1808–13 u. bes. unter der Cortesregierung auf der Seite der Absolutisten als Guerrillaführer auszeichnete, aber auch viele… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Trappíst — (Monasta fusca Gmel.), brasil. Art der Bartkuckucke …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Trappist — (n.) 1814, from Fr. trappiste, Cistercian monk of reformed order established 1664 by abbot De Rancé of La Trappe in Normandy …   Etymology dictionary

  • Trappist — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ of or referring to a branch of the Cistercian order of monks noted for an austere rule including a vow of silence. ► NOUN ▪ a member of this order. ORIGIN French trappiste, from La Trappe in Normandy, where the order was founded …   English terms dictionary

  • Trappist — [trap′ist] n. [Fr trappiste, after ( La) Trappe, abbey near the village of Soligny la Trappe, in Normandy, where the rule was established (1664)] a member of the order of the Cistercians of the Strict Observance: known esp. for its asceticism and …   English World dictionary

  • Trappist — Trappisten in Westvleteren Die Trappisten sind ein römisch katholischer Mönchsorden, entstanden im 17. Jahrhundert als Reformzweig innerhalb des Zisterzienserordens. Seit 1903 existiert die Bezeichnung „Orden der Zisterzienser von der strengeren… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trappist — UK [ˈtræpɪst] / US noun [countable] Word forms Trappist : singular Trappist plural Trappists a member of a Christian community of men who have promised never to speak as a way of showing their strong religious beliefs …   English dictionary

  • Trappist — noun Etymology: French trappiste, from La Trappe, France Date: 1814 a member of a reformed branch of the Roman Catholic Cistercian Order established by the Abbot de Rancé in 1664 at the monastery of La Trappe in Normandy • Trappist adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Trappist — adj. Trappist is used with these nouns: ↑monk …   Collocations dictionary

  • trappist — trap|pist sb., en, er, erne (en munk), i sms. trappist , fx trappistmunk, trappistøl …   Dansk ordbog


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