transmission


transmission
transmissive /trans mis"iv, tranz-/, adj.transmissively, adv.transmissiveness, n.
/trans mish"euhn, tranz-/, n.
1. the act or process of transmitting.
2. the fact of being transmitted.
3. something that is transmitted.
4. Mach.
a. transference of force between machines or mechanisms, often with changes of torque and speed.
b. a compact, enclosed unit of gears or the like for this purpose, as in an automobile.
5. Radio and Television. the broadcasting of electromagnetic waves from one location to another, as from a transmitter to a receiver.
6. Physics. transmittance.
[1605-15; < L transmission- (s. of transmissio) a sending across, equiv. to transmiss(us) (ptp. of transmittere to send across) + -ion- -ION. See TRANS-, MISSION]
Syn. 1, 2. transfer, passage, passing, conveyance.

* * *

System in an engine that transmits power generated by the engine to the point where it is to be used.

Most mechanical transmissions function as rotary speed changers; the ratio of the output speed to the input speed may be either constant (as in a gearbox) or variable. On variable-speed transmissions, the speeds may be variable in individual steps (as on an automobile or some machine-tool drives) or continuously variable within a range. Step-variable transmissions, with some slip, usually use either gears or chains and provide fixed speed ratios with no slip; stepless transmissions use belts, chains, or rolling-contact bodies.

* * *

      in mechanical engineering, a device interposed between a source of power and a specific application for the purpose of adapting one to the other. Most mechanical transmissions function as rotary speed changers; the ratio of the output speed to the input speed may be constant (as in a gearbox) or variable. On variable-speed transmissions the speeds may be variable in discrete steps (as on an automobile or some machine-tool drives) or they may be continuously variable within a range. Step-variable transmissions, with some slip, usually employ either gears or chains and provide fixed speed ratios with no slip; stepless transmissions use either belts, chains, or rolling-contact bodies.

      A widely used and inexpensive stepless drive consists of a V-belt running on variable-diameter pulleys. The sides of the pulleys are conical on the inside to match the taper of the V-belt, and moving them closer together causes the V-belt to move outward from the centre of the pulley and operate on a larger effective circle; this movement changes the speed ratio. Such drives depend on friction and are subject to slip.

      Stepless transmissions employing rolling-contact bodies are known as traction drives. In these transmissions, power is transmitted in a variety of ways that depend on the rolling friction of bodies in the form of cylinders, cones, balls, rollers, and disks.

  The transmission shown in the Figure—> consists of input and output members having toroidal (doughnut-shaped) surfaces connected by a series of adjustable rollers. If R in the Figure—> were twice r, the output speed would be half the input speed. For some applications, these transmissions are designed so that as the applied torque (turning moment) increases, the contact pressure between the bodies increases and slippage is reduced. A special traction lubricant that stiffens as the load is applied may be used to increase the tractive effort. Traction transmissions are used in applications where quietness is important. See also automatic transmission.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • transmission — [ trɑ̃smisjɔ̃ ] n. f. • XIVe, répandu XVIIIe XIXe; lat. transmissio I ♦ Fait, manière de transmettre, de se transmettre. 1 ♦ Action de transmettre (1o). Transmission d un bien, d un droit à une autre personne. ⇒ cession. La transmission des… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Transmission — is the act of passing something on.Specifically, it may refer to:*Transmission (mechanics), a gear system transmitting mechanical power, as in a car *Transmission (telecommunications), the act of transmitting messages over distances *Transmission …   Wikipedia

  • transmission — trans‧mis‧sion [trænzˈmɪʆn ǁ træns ] noun [countable, uncountable] the process of sending out electrical signals by radio, telephone, or similar equipment: • This feature enables the machine to recognize whether an incoming call is a voice or… …   Financial and business terms

  • Transmission — Transmission …   Википедия

  • Transmission — (lat. trans „hinüber“ und mittere „schicken“) steht: in der Technik für einen Übertrager bzw. Übersetzer, siehe Übersetzung (Technik) im Maschinenbau für ein historisches Riemengetriebe, siehe Transmission (Maschinenbau) in der Wellenlehre für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Transmission — Trans*mis sion, n. [L. transmissio; cf. F. transmission. See {Transmit}.] 1. The act of transmitting, or the state of being transmitted; as, the transmission of letters, writings, papers, news, and the like, from one country to another; the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transmission — trans·mis·sion /tranz mi shən, trans / n: an act, process, or instance of transmitting Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. transmission …   Law dictionary

  • Transmission — (v. lat. Transmissio), 1) so v.w. Übersendung, Überlieferung; daher T. actor um, so v.w. Actenversendung; 2) (T. hereditatis), im Römischen Erbrecht ein Fall, in welchem gegen die Regel, daß nur derjenige Erbe werden kann, welchem die Erbschaft… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Transmission — (lat.), im gemeinen Rechte der Übergang des Rechts zum Erwerb einer Erbschaft nach dem Tode des Berechtigten, der es auszuüben unterließ, auf eine andre Person. Nach dem Bürgerlichen Gesetzbuch kann von T. im eigentlichen Sinne nicht mehr… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Transmission — Transmission, die Kraftleitungs und Verteilungsanlage von einer Kraftmaschine zu den Arbeitsmaschinen, insbesondere die Anlage der Wellen mit Lagern, Kupplungen, Seil und Riemscheiben, Zahnrädern, Schmiervorrichtungen u.s.w …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Transmission — (lat.), Übersendung; Übertragung, im Maschinenwesen eine Zusammenstellung von Vorrichtungen (Zwischenmaschinen, Zwischengeschirr) zur Übertragung und Verteilung der Arbeitskraft von den Kraftmaschinen zu den Arbeitsmaschinen; insbes. die Anlage… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.