toxoplasmosis


toxoplasmosis
/tok'soh plaz moh"sis/, n. Pathol.
infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii, transmitted to humans by consumption of insufficiently cooked meat containing the parasite or by contact with contaminated cats or their feces: the illness produced is usually mild, but in pregnant women may damage the fetus.
[1925-30; < NL Toxoplasm(a) (see TOXOPLASMA) + -OSIS]

* * *

      infection of tissue cells of the central nervous system, spleen, liver, and other organs by a parasite, Toxoplasma gondii. Infection occurs in domestic and wild animals, birds, and humans and is worldwide in distribution. It is estimated that 30 to 50 percent of the world's human population carries demonstrable antibodies (indicating previous exposure), but overt symptoms are rare in adults. Swollen glands and fever are the most common findings in those who have any symptoms.

      Organisms of the genus Toxoplasma reproduce by fission or internal budding. They move by a gliding motion, lacking either flagella or pseudopodia. Of uncertain taxonomic position, they are considered to be related to the sporozoa and possibly to the fungi. They are generally placed in the sporozoan class Toxoplasmea, although they may more properly be classed as coccidian parasites under the order Eucoccidia.

      The mode of transmission of the organisms is unknown, although they can be passed from mother to fetus through the placenta. Congenital toxoplasmosis may result in stillbirth or abortion; infected infants may show various symptoms including jaundice, encephalitis, mental defects, and eye disease. Siblings of an infected infant are usually normal.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toxoplasmosis — Classification and external resources T. gondii tachyzoites ICD 10 B58 …   Wikipedia

  • toxoplasmosis — f. parasit. Enfermedad provocada por el protozoo Toxoplasma gondii. Se trata de un parásito intestinal del gato, que puede parasitar al hombre y otros animales. La infección en el caso del hombre se produce por la ingestión de alimentos… …   Diccionario médico

  • toxoplasmosis — 1977, from toxoplasma (1926), coined 1909 in French from toxo , comb. form of Gk. toxon (see TOXIC (Cf. toxic)) + plasma (see PLASMA (Cf. plasma)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • toxoplasmosis — f. Med. Enfermedad producida por protozoos del género Toxoplasma que, contraída durante la gestación, puede ocasionar anomalías fetales …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • toxoplasmosis — [täk΄sō plaz mō′sis] n. [ModL: see TOXIC, PLASM, & OSIS] a disease caused by a protozoan (Toxoplasma gondii), affecting humans and animals, esp. in the tropics: in its congenital form, it damages the central nervous system, eyes, and viscera …   English World dictionary

  • Toxoplasmosis — Taquizoítos (trofozoítos de T. gondii) …   Wikipedia Español

  • toxoplasmosis — Disease caused by the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii, which can produce abortion in sheep, encephalitis in mink, and a variety of syndromes in humans. Prenatally acquired human infection can result in the presence of abnormalities such as… …   Medical dictionary

  • Toxoplasmosis — ► sustantivo femenino MEDICINA Enfermedad parasitaria causada por un protozoo. IRREG. plural toxoplasmosis * * * toxoplasmosis. f. Med. Enfermedad producida por protozoos del género Toxoplasma que, contraída durante la gestación, puede ocasionar… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • toxoplasmosis — {{#}}{{LM T43927}}{{〓}} {{[}}toxoplasmosis{{]}} ‹to·xo·plas·mo·sis› {{◆}}(pl. toxoplasmosis){{◇}} {{《}}▍ s.f.{{》}} Enfermedad producida por un tipo de protozoos y que, si se contrae durante la gestación, puede ocasionar anomalías fetales …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos

  • toxoplasmosis — n. a disease of mammals and birds caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, which is usually transmitted to humans through ingesting undercooked meat or cat faeces. Generally symptoms are mild (swollen lymph nodes and an influenza like illness) …   The new mediacal dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.