Tory


Tory
/tawr"ee, tohr"ee/, n., pl. Tories, for 1-5, adj.
n.
1. a member of the Conservative Party in Great Britain or Canada.
2. a member of a political party in Great Britain from the late 17th century to about 1832 that favored royal authority over Parliament and the preservation of the existing social and political order: succeeded by the Conservative party.
3. (often l.c.) an advocate of conservative principles; one opposed to reform or radicalism.
4. a person who supported the British cause in the American Revolution; a loyalist.
5. (in the 17th century) a dispossessed Irishman who resorted to banditry, esp. after the invasion of Oliver Cromwell and suppression of the royalist cause (1649-52).
6. a male or female given name.
adj.
7. of, belonging to, or characteristic of the Tories.
8. being a Tory.
9. (sometimes l.c.) opposed to reform or radicalism; conservative.
[1640-50; < Ir *tóraighe outlaw, bandit, deriv. of tóir chase, pursuit]

* * *

Member of a political group in England, especially in the 18th century.

Originally an Irish term for an outlaw, the name was applied as a term of abuse to those who supported the hereditary right of James, the Catholic duke of York (later James II), to succeed to the throne of England. They were opposed by the Whigs in that struggle (1679), but the Tories later modified their doctrine of divine-right absolutism. They came to represent the resistance, mainly by the country gentry, to religious toleration and foreign entanglements. The Tories' political power diminished after Viscount Bolingbroke, a leading Tory, fled to France in 1715; Tory sentiment subsequently survived in the unsuccessful Jacobite movement. After 1784, William Pitt the Younger emerged as the leader of a new Tory party, representing the country gentry, merchants, and administrators. After 1815, the party gradually evolved into the Conservative Party, whose members are still referred to as Tories.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • tory — tory …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • tory — [ tɔri ] n. m. • 1704; mot angl. ♦ Membre du parti conservateur en Grande Bretagne. Les torys ou les tories. Adj. Le parti tory. N. m. TORYSME . ● tory adjectif Parti tory, parti qui défendit, en Angleterre, la tradition monarchique et anglicane… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tory — (Mehrzahl: die Tories) bezeichnet eine konservative politische Gruppierung, die eine positive Haltung gegenüber der britischen Monarchie besitzt. Ursprünglich waren dies die Gegenspieler der liberalen Whigs in Großbritannien, die sich von einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tory — TÓRY s.m. Nume dat în trecut membrilor Partidului conservator englez. – cuv. engl. Trimis de LauraGellner, 28.06.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  tóry s. m. Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  TÓRY s.m. invar. ( …   Dicționar Român

  • tory — Voz inglesa con la que se designa popularmente al Partido Conservador de Gran Bretaña. En español se usa como adjetivo (‘del partido conservador de Gran Bretaña’): «Según las estadísticas, cada tres meses muere un diputado “tory”» (Mundo [Esp.]… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • tory — / tɔ:ri/, it. / tɔri/ agg. e s. ingl. [prob. forma anglicizzata del gaelico irland. tōraidhe inseguitore ] (pl. tories ), usato in ital. come agg. e sost. ■ agg. (stor.) [del partito inglese, dal sec. 17° al 19°, di tendenza tradizionalista]… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Tory — (n.) 1566, an outlaw, specifically a robber, from Ir. toruighe plunderer, originally pursuer, searcher, from O.Ir. toirighim I pursue, related to toracht pursuit. About 1646, it emerged as a derogatory term for Irish Catholics dispossessed of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Tory — To ry, n.; pl. {Tories}. [ Properly used of the Irish bogtrotters who robbed and plundered during the English civil wars, professing to be in sympathy with the royal cause; hence transferred to those who sought to maintain the extreme… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tory — [tôr′ē] n. pl. Tories [Ir tōruidhe, robber, pursuer < tōir, to pursue; akin to Gael tōir, pursuit] 1. [sometimes t ] a) in the 17th cent., any of the dispossessed Irish who became outlaws, killed English settlers and soldiers, and lived by… …   English World dictionary

  • Tory — To ry, a. Of or pertaining to the Tories. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tory — es el nombre con el que se denomina a quien pertenece o apoya al Partido Conservador inglés. En un principio, tenía connotaciones despectivas ya que procede de la palabra irlandesa thairide o tóraighe que significaba bandolero, asaltador de… …   Wikipedia Español


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.