Holstein-Friesian

Holstein-Friesian
Hol·stein-Frie·sian (hōlʹstīn-frēʹzhən, -stēn-) n.
A Holstein.

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▪ breed of cattle
 breed of large dairy cattle originating in northern Holland and Friesland. Its chief characteristics are its large size and black and white spotted markings, sharply defined rather than blended. These cattle are believed to have been selected for dairy qualities for about 2,000 years. They have long been widely distributed over the more fertile lowlands of continental Europe, where they are valued highly for their milk-producing ability. In the United States the Holstein-Friesians outnumber all other dairy breeds and produce nine-tenths of the milk supply. The milk, however, has a relatively low butterfat content.

      When the Dutch colonized New York, they brought their cattle with them, but after the colony was ceded to the British crown and English settlers brought their own cattle, the Dutch cattle disappeared. The first exportation from Holland to the United States was in 1795, but the largest importations were made between the years 1879 and 1887.

      The breed is widely distributed but usually is concentrated in areas having good fluid milk markets. With the emphasis on the production of lean beef, the Friesian either as a purebred or crossed with a beef bull is playing an increasingly important part in beef production in Great Britain and the United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Holstein-Friesian — Holstein Rind Holstein Rind …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Holstein Friesian — Holstein Rind Holstein Rind …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Holstein-Friesian — n. A breed of dairy cattle from North Holland and Friesland; they have a black and white color to their fur. Syn: Friesian, Holstein. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Holstein-Friesian —   [ hɔlstaɪn friːzjən], Rinderzucht: weltweit bedeutende Rinderrasse, die auf der Basis aus Europa (Holland, Norddeutschland, Jütland) stammender schwarzbunter Rinder in den USA seit 1885 in Herdbuchzucht gezüchtet wird; gilt heute als beste… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Holstein-Friesian — noun a breed of dairy cattle from northern Holland • Syn: ↑Friesian, ↑Holstein • Hypernyms: ↑dairy cattle, ↑dairy cow, ↑milch cow, ↑milk cow, ↑milcher, ↑milker …   Useful english dictionary

  • Holstein-Friesian — noun Etymology: Holstein, Germany, its later locality + Friesian (variant of Frisian) Date: 1889 Holstein …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • holstein-friesian — hol·stein friesian …   English syllables

  • Holstein-Friesian — A large, usually black and white breed of dairy cattle that accounts for 90 percent of all U.S. milk production. In common usage, the name usually is abbreviated to Holstein . Holsteins may be a reddish color and white. The breed is prized for… …   Combined glossary of agriculture

  • race Holstein-Friesian — ● race Holstein Friesian Race de bovins pie noir d Amérique du Nord, à très haute production laitière, provenant de sujets importés des Pays Bas et d Allemagne, très utilisée pour améliorer la production des troupeaux européens …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Holstein-Rind — Holstein Rind …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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