Tomsk


Tomsk
/tomsk/; Russ. /tawmsk/, n.
a city in the central Russian Federation in Asia, E of the Ob River. 502,000.

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Russia
      city and administrative centre of Tomsk oblast, central Russia, on the Tom River above its confluence with the Ob. Founded as a fort in 1604 to protect the river crossing, the city developed as a regional administrative centre. Once a focus for a wide area of Siberia, Tomsk has now largely been displaced by Novosibirsk, where the Trans-Siberian Railroad crosses the Ob; Tomsk lies on a branch line. The city is a major engineering centre, producing bearings and electrical equipment as well as matches, furniture, pencils, paints and dyes, and footwear. Tomsk is the site of the first Siberian university (founded 1888), a technological institute (1900), and institutes of teacher training, medicine, transport, and constructional engineering. Pop. (1991 est.) 506,600.

      oblast (province), central Russia, having an area of 122,350 square miles (316,900 square km) in the basin of the middle Ob River, which bisects it. The terrain is flat and monotonous, rising only slightly in the neighbourhood of the administrative centre, Tomsk. Almost the entire area is taiga, or coniferous forest, dominated by pine, fir, larch, and birch. Extensive swamps occupy the level watersheds. The severely continental climate and the swamps greatly hinder agriculture, which takes up only about 7 percent of the total area and is largely concentrated in the southeast. Rye, oats, and potatoes are the chief crops; some wheat and corn (maize) are also grown, while flax has increased in importance. Over most of the oblast timber working is the chief occupation and is well developed. Fur trapping and fishing are important in the forested north. Almost three-quarters of the urban dwellers live in the city of Tomsk, in which all significant industry is concentrated; other towns are small. Exploitation of oil and natural gas was under way in the early 1980s. Pop. (1991 est.) 1,011,700.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tomsk — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tomsk — Томск …   Wikipédia en Français

  • TOMSK — TOMSK, main city of Tomsk district (Siberia), Russia. Before the October Revolution the district of Tomsk was beyond the pale of settlement and no Jewish settlement was allowed there until the cancellation of the Pale enactment. A Jewish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • TOMSK — Chef lieu de la région homonyme de Sibérie occidentale, en Russie (316 900 km2, 1 009 000 hab. en 1991), Tomsk, où l’on dénombrait, en 1991, 506 600 citadins (52 000 en 1897), a grandi dans la basse vallée de la rivière Tom, avant que celle ci… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tomsk — Tomsk, 1) Gouvernement im russischen Generalgouvernement Westsibirien, an das nördliche Eismeer, Irkutsk, die Mongolei, das Kirgisenland u. Tobolsk grenzend; hatte, ehe das Gouvernement Jeniseisk (1822) u. das Gebiet Semipolatinsk mit dem Lande… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tomsk [1] — Tomsk, russ. Gouvernement im westlichen Sibirien (s. Karte »Sibirien«), 857,682 qkm mit (1897) 1,929,092 Einw. (2,3 auf 1 qkm). Das Land ist im S. gebirgig durch den Altai (s. d.), an den sich der Kusnezkische Alatau mit dem Abakanischen Gebirge… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tomsk [2] — Tomsk, Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen russ. Gouvernements (s. oben) und des gleichnamigen Kreises (282,210 qkm mit [1897] 275,489 Einw.), unter 56°30 nördl. Br. und 84°57 östl. L., 69 m ü. M., auf hohem Ufer am Tom und durch Zweigbahn mit der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tomsk — Tomsk, russ. Gouvernement in Westsibirien, im Gebiete des obern Ob, im SO. an die Mongolei grenzend, mit Hochgebirgen, im NO. Steppen, 857.682 qkm, 1.927.679 E., Russen (91 Proz.), Ostjaken, Ostjak Samojeden, Tataren u.a.; Berg und Hüttenwerke… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tomsk — Tomsk, russ. Gouv. in Westsibirien, etwa 25000 QM. groß, mit 480000 E., wird vom Obi und Irtisch durchströmt, im Süden von dem Altai erfüllt, ist für Ackerbau und Viehzucht geeignet, hat beträchtlichen Bergbau (kolywanskisches Erzgebirge). Die… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tomsk — [tämsk] city in SW Siberia: pop. 470,000 …   English World dictionary


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