Toluca


Toluca
/taw looh"kah/, n.
1. a city in and the capital of Mexico state, in S central Mexico. 141,726.
2. an extinct volcano in central Mexico, in Mexico state. 15,026 ft. (4580 m).

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in full Toluca de Lerdo

City (pop., 2000: 435,125), capital of México state, central Mexico.

At an elevation of about 8,800 ft (2,680 m), it is one of the highest cities in North America. The site of the modern city, founded in 1530, was inhabited by the Otomi Indians by the 13th century. It is a commercial and communications centre in an agriculture and livestock region. Its oldest church was founded soon after the Spanish conquest and rebuilt in 1585. There are many archaeological sites in the area, including some Aztec and Toltec ruins.

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Mexico
in full  Toluca de Lerdo 

      city, capital of México estado (state), central Mexico. It is located about 30 miles (50 km) west-southwest of Mexico City, at the base of Nevado de Toluca volcano, the peak of which rises above 15,000 feet (4,570 metres) just southwest of the city. Toluca itself lies in a cool valley at an elevation of about 8,790 feet (2,680 metres), one of the highest cities in North America. Toluca was founded in 1530 and attained city status in 1533. Its oldest church was erected soon after the Spanish conquest and was rebuilt in 1585. The designation “de Lerdo” was adopted in 1861 in honour of the Mexican president Sebastián Lerdo de Tejada (Lerdo de Tejada, Sebastián).

      Toluca is a centre for commerce, communications, and other services, but agriculture (wheat, corn [maize], beans, and other vegetables) and livestock raising in the vicinity are also important. Industries include textile manufacturing, brewing and distilling, and food processing. It is well connected by railway and highway with Mexico City and other plateau cities. Toluca is the seat of the Autonomous University of the State of México (1828; present status 1956). Colonies of migratory monarch butterflies winter in the forested highlands of Nevado de Toluca National Park southwest of the city. Pop. (2000) city, 435,125; (2005 est.) urban agglom., 1,545,000.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toluca — Toluca …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toluca — Toluca, IL U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1339 Housing Units (2000): 633 Land area (2000): 1.061950 sq. miles (2.750438 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.061950 sq. miles (2.750438 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Toluca, IL — U.S. city in Illinois Population (2000): 1339 Housing Units (2000): 633 Land area (2000): 1.061950 sq. miles (2.750438 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.061950 sq. miles (2.750438 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Toluca — [tə lo͞o′kə; ] Sp [ tō̂ lo͞o′kä] 1. city in S Mexico: capital of México state: pop. 488,000: in full Toluca de Lerdo [də ler′dō; ] Sp [ dā ler′thō̂] 2. volcanic mountain near this city: 15,020 ft (4,578 m) …   English World dictionary

  • Toluca — (Toloccan), 1) Hauptstadt u. Regierungssitz des Particularstaates (Departements) Mexico, in einer fruchtbaren Hochebene 8600 Fuß über dem Meere gelegen; Pfarrkirche mit Gnadenbild, mehre Klöster, Seifen u. Kerzenfabriken, Schweinezucht (berühmte… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tolúca — (Toloccan), Hauptstadt des mexikan. Staates Mexiko, 2680 m ü. M., an der Bahn Mexiko Acambaro, in wohl angebauter, von hohen Bergen umschlossener und im SW. von dem 4570 m hohen Nevado de T. (Xinantecatl), einem erloschenen Vulkan (mit Kratersee… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Toluca — Tolūca, Hauptstadt des mexik. Staates Mexiko, am 4500 m hohen Nevado de T. (ausgebrannter Vulkan), (1900) 25.940 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Toluca — Toluca, Toloccan, Hauptstadt des Staates Mexiko, 8600 über dem Meere, mit 12000 E., Seife und Kerzenfabrikation, Schweinezucht, Wurst u. Schinkenhandel. Der Nevado de T., ein ruhender Vulkan, ist 15271 engl. hoch …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Toluca — 19.291666666667 99.652638 Koordinaten: 19° 18′ N, 99° 39′ W Toluca …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toluca — ] The Santa Veracruz Temple is the home of a famous image of Our Lord of the Holy Cross also known as a Black Christ . This image was originally housed in the San Francisco Temple, but the increasing number of worshippers dictated the building of …   Wikipedia


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