toga


toga
togaed /toh"geuhd/, adj.
/toh"geuh/, n., pl. togas, togae /-jee, -gee/.
1. (in ancient Rome) the loose outer garment worn by citizens in public.
2. a robe of office, a professorial gown, or some other distinctive garment.
[1590-1600; < L; akin to TEGMEN]

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Loose, draped outer garment adopted by the Romans from the Etruscans.

It was originally worn by both sexes of all classes, but was gradually abandoned by women, then by labourers, and finally by patricians, but throughout the history of the empire it remained the state dress, the garment of the emperor and high officials. Made from an oval piece of fabric, the toga had voluminous folds that made activity difficult and thus became the distinctive garment of the upper classes. The colour of the toga worn depended on class, age, and the character of such special events as mourning and triumphs.

Imperial Roman toga on Tiberius (reigned AD 14–37); in the Louvre, Paris

Giraudon
Art Resource/EB Inc.

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 characteristic loose, draped outer garment of Roman citizens. Adopted by the Romans from the Etruscans, it was originally worn by both sexes of all classes but was gradually abandoned by women, then by labouring people, and finally by the patricians themselves. Throughout the history of the empire, however, it remained the state dress, the garment of the emperor and high officials. Made from an oval-shaped piece of material, the toga had voluminous folds, requiring such skill to drape that often a special slave was retained for this operation. Because the mass of folds prevented active pursuits, the toga became the distinctive garment of the upper classes.

      Colour and pattern were rigidly prescribed for most wearers. For example, senators and candidates wore white togas (toga candida); freeborn boys, until puberty, wore a purple-bordered toga (toga praetexta); after reaching puberty, adolescents began to wear the plain man's toga (toga pura, or toga virilis); people in mourning wore dark colours (toga pulla); and for triumphs and, in the later period, for consuls, the toga was richly embroidered and patterned (toga picta). After about AD 100, the toga began to diminish in size.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • TOGA — Graecis Τήβεννος, Romanum tegmen, ipsis Quiritibus longe vetustior. Circummeâsse enim a Pelasgis ad Lydos, a Lydis ad Romanos, auctor est Tertull. de Pallio: et cum Suida Artemidorus eius originem ab Temeno arcade deducunt; qui ad Ionii maris… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • togă — TÓGĂ, togi, s.f. Mantie largă şi lungă, fără mâneci, pe care o purtau romanii peste tunică, înfăşurată pe corp, pornind de la umărul stâng şi lăsând descoperit braţul şi umărul drept. – Din lat. toga. Trimis de RACAI, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98 … …   Dicționar Român

  • Toga — To ga, n.; pl. E. {Togas}, L. {Tog[ae]}. [L., akin to tegere to cover. See {Thatch}.] (Rom. Antiq.) The loose outer garment worn by the ancient Romans, consisting of a single broad piece of woolen cloth of a shape approaching a semicircle. It was …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • toga — (n.) c.1600, from L. toga cloak or mantle, related to tegere to cover (see STEGOSAURUS (Cf. stegosaurus)). The outer garment of a Roman citizen in time of peace; toga prætexta had a broad purple border and was worn by children, magistrates,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Toga — (lat.), das über der Tunika (s. d.) getragene Nationalkleid der Römer im Frieden, wodurch sie als Togati sich von Nichtrömern und Soldaten unterschieden, bestand aus einem 5 m langen und 3 m breiten wollenen Stück Zeug, von dessen beiden ovalen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • toga — |ó| s. f. 1.  [Antigo] Espécie de capa usada na antiguidade romana, que deixava geralmente coberto o braço esquerdo. 2. Traje preto e comprido, usado por advogados e solicitadores em tribunal e por professores catedráticos e doutorados em… …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • toga — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. ż Ib, CMc. todze; lm D. tóg {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} długie, luźne, wierzchnie okrycie będące urzędowym strojem prawników podczas rozpraw sądowych, a także uroczystym ubiorem… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • toga — togà, tògos sf. (2) NdŽ, TrpŽ, LTEXI335; LL255 1. romėnų ilgas vilnonis viršutinis drabužis, dėvėtas ant kairiojo peties. 2. iškilmingas apdaras – laisvas klostytas apsiaustas: Tu užsivilk, teisėjau, savo juodą togą ir atsiskleisk įstatymus bei …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • toga — (Del lat. toga). 1. f. Traje principal exterior y de ceremonia, que usan los magistrados, letrados, catedráticos, etc., encima del ordinario. 2. Prenda principal exterior del traje nacional romano, que se ponía sobre la túnica. toga palmada. f.… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Toga — Toga, das weiße und ursprünglich wollene Obergewand der röm. Bürger im Frieden, wonach sie togāti oder gens togata hießen; sie wurde in künstlichen Falten von vorn über die linke Schulter geworfen, reichte rückwärts beinahe bis zum Boden. Bei den …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • toga — / tɔga/ s.f. [dal lat. toga, affine a tegĕre coprire ]. 1. (abbigl.) [abito maschile degli antichi Romani, di lana o di lino, che si indossava sopra la tunica] ▶◀ ‖mantello, sopravveste, tunica. 2. (abbigl.) [mantello nero aperto sul davanti, con …   Enciclopedia Italiana


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