Tocantins


Tocantins
/taw'kahonn teeonns"/, n.
a river in E Brazil, flowing N to the Pará River. 1700 mi. (2735 km) long.

* * *

      inland estado (state) of north-central Brazil. Tocantins is bounded by the states of Maranhão and Piauí to the northeast, Bahia to the east, Goiás to the south, Mato Grosso to the west, and Pará to the northwest. Tocantins was created from the northern two-fifths of Goiás state in 1989. The capital is Palmas.

      The state lies in the Brazilian Highlands at elevations between 330 and 1,300 feet (100 and 400 m) above sea level. It is drained northward by the Araguaia and Tocantins rivers, which have cut deep valleys along their courses. The highlands of the state are covered with woodland savanna, and the river valleys support dense semideciduous forest. The northern tip of Tocantins is covered with tropical rainforest. Bananal Island, which lies in the Araguaia River in the southwest corner of the state, contains a major wildlife preserve and is the world's largest known inland river island.

      The climate is generally subtropical. There is only a small variation in average monthly temperature, and the average annual temperature is 75 °F (24 °C). The average annual rainfall is about 59 inches (1,500 mm), and precipitation falls mostly between October and March.

      Tocantins is a developing frontier area, and its inhabitants historically have been mostly of Indian and mixed European-Indian ancestry. Cattle raising is the main economic activity, supplemented by the growing of rice, corn (maize), and soybeans. The state's mineral resources include limestone, tin, and gypsum. The major towns are Palmas, Araguaína, Gurupi, and Pôrto Nacional. Araguaína and Gurupi are connected by a paved highway north to Belém and south to Brasília. Area 107,190 square miles (277,621 square km). Pop. (2006 est.) 1,332,441.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tocantins — Symbole …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tocantins —   [tokan tĩs], Name von geographischen Objekten:    1) Tocantins, Bundesstaat in Brasilien, im Norden des Brasilianischen Berglandes, am Mittellauf des Rio Tocantins, 278 421 km2, (1996) 1,05 Mio. Einwohner; Hauptstadt ist Palmas do Tocantins (24 …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tocantins — can refer to: * Tocantins (state), a State in Brazil. * Tocantins River, a river in Brazil …   Wikipedia

  • Tocantins — Tocantins, Fluß, s. Tokantins …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tocantins — (spr. kangtíngs), Fluß in Brasilien, entsteht aus dem Araguaya und dem obern T., mündet in einem 222 km langen, bis 64 km breiten Ästuar (Rio Para) in den Atlant. Ozean; 2640 km lg., 1800 km schiffbar, Stromgebiet 979.000 qkm …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tocantins — Tocantins, südl. Nebenfluß des Amazonenstroms, entspringt in der Provinz Goyaz u. ergießt sich nach 350 Ml. in den Para, einen Hauptmündungsarm des Amazonenstroms …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tocantins — (rio) fl. du Brésil (2 640 km); naît dans le Goiás, qu il draine; se jette dans l estuaire de l Amazone …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tocantins — [tō΄kən tēns′; ] Port [ tō̂΄kän tēnsh′, tō̂΄käntēns′] river flowing from central Brazil north into the Pará River: c. 1,700 mi (2,736 km) …   English World dictionary

  • Tocantins — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tocantins (homonymie). Tocantins …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tocantins — Estado de Tocantins Estado de Brasil …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.