1. a member of any of a number of American Indian peoples of the coastal regions of southern Alaska and northern British Colmbia.2. the language of the Tlingit, a Na-Dene language.
* * *Northernmost group of Northwest Coast Indian peoples who inhabit the islands and coast of southern Alaska, U.S. The Tlingit language is thought to be related to Athabaskan.The basic social unit was the lineage, based on maternal lines of descent; clans and larger units (moieties) were also important. Each lineage had its own chief, owned and exploited lands of economic importance, and functioned as a ceremonial unit. The economy was based on salmon fishing, though sea and land mammals were also hunted. Wood, often decorated with stylized designs, was used for houses, totem poles, canoes, dishes, and other objects. The potlatch marked a cycle of rituals mourning the death of a chief. The Tlingit number about 20,000.
* * *▪ peoplenorthernmost of the Northwest Coast Indians (Northwest Coast Indian) of North America, living on the islands and coastal lands of southern Alaska from Yakutat Bay to Cape Fox. They spoke the Tlingit language, which is related to Athabaskan. According to their traditions, some of their ancestors came from the south and others migrated to the coast from the Canadian interior.Traditional Tlingit society included three levels of kinship organization. Every individual belonged to one of two moieties, the largest kin group. Each moiety comprised several clans, and the members of a given clan attributed their origin to a common legendary ancestor. The most basic and important organizational level was the lineage, an extended family group related through maternal descent. Each lineage was essentially self-sufficient: it owned a specific territory, could conduct ceremonies, was politically independent, and had its own leaders. There was rarely a leader or authority over the entire tribe; lineages might cooperate during periods of war and choose a temporary leader for that purpose, but there was no compulsion to join such alliances. During the historic period there was a tendency for two or more lineages to consolidate into unified villages, but before contact with Europeans each lineage probably had its own village.The traditional Tlingit economy was based on fishing; salmon was the main source of food. The Tlingit also hunted sea, and sometimes land, mammals. Wood was the primary material for manufacture and was used for houses, memorial (totem) poles, canoes, dishes, utensils, and other objects. Large permanent houses were built near good fishing grounds and safe landing places for canoes, often along the beaches of a bay sheltered from the tides. These houses were winter residences; during the summer, inhabitants dispersed to take advantage of more-distant fishing and hunting grounds. Potlatches (potlatch), or ceremonial distributions of gifts, marked a cycle of rituals mourning the death of a lineage chief.Early 21st-century population estimates indicated some 22,000 individuals of Tlingit descent.
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TLINGIT — TLINGI Indiens de la côte du Pacifique Nord, les Tlingit vivaient tout à fait au nord, dans les îles et, sur la côte du sud de l’Alaska, de la baie de Yakutat au cap Fox. Ils parlaient le tlingit, du groupe linguistique athapascan, et étaient… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Tlingit — bezeichnet das nordamerikanische Volk der Tlingit: Tlingit (Volk) ihre Sprache: Tlingit (Sprache) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe … Deutsch Wikipedia
Tlingit — [tliŋ′git] n. [Tlingit lingít, lit., people ] 1. pl. Tlingits or Tlingit a member of a North American Indian people of the coastal areas of S Alaska and N British Columbia 2. the language of this people, now thought to be related to the… … English World dictionary
Tlingit — Indian group in Alaska and Canada, the people s word for themselves, lit. human beings … Etymology dictionary
tlingit — tlìngit m DEFINICIJA lingv. jezik porodice na dene koji se govori na Aljasci i u SZ Kanadi; tlingitski jezik … Hrvatski jezični portal
Tlingit — Not to be confused with the Turkic Telengit people. Infobox Ethnic group group=Tlingit poptime=11,000 popplace=USA (Alaska), Canada (British Columbia, Yukon) rels=Christianity, other langs=English, Tlingit related=The Tlingit (pronEng|ˈklɪŋkɪt in … Wikipedia
Tlingit — Localización de los Tlingit Los tlingit son una tribu amerindia del grupo Kolosh de las lenguas na dené. Su nombre proviene de lingit pueblo . También les dicen kolosh, palabra que proviene del aleutiano kalohs o kaluga. Se dividen en los grupos… … Wikipedia Español
Tlingit — Cet article concerne la langue tlingite. Pour le peuple tlingit, voir Tlingits. Tlingit Lingít Parlée aux États Unis, Canada Région Alaska Panhandle, côte de la Colombie Britannique Nombre de loc … Wikipédia en Français
Tlingit — noun (plural Tlingit or Tlingits) Etymology: Tlingit łi•ngít human being Date: 1865 1. a member of a group of American Indian peoples of the islands and coast of southern Alaska 2. the language of the Tlingit peoples • Tlingit adjective … New Collegiate Dictionary
Tlingit — Tlịngit, nordamerikanische Indianer der Na Dené Sprachfamilie an der Küste von Südostalaska. Die in mehrere Stämme (Chilkat, Hoonah, Sitka u. a.) gegliederten 14 300 Tlingit sind typische Vertreter der Nordwestküstenkultur… … Universal-Lexikon