Thunder Bay


Thunder Bay
a port in W Ontario, in S Canada, on Lake Superior: created in 1970 by the merger of twin cities (Fort William and Port Arthur) and two adjoining townships. 108,411. Also called Lakehead.

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City (pop., 2001: 109,016), west-central Ontario, Canada.

It is located on the northwestern shore of Lake Superior. Its first settlement was a French fur-trading post с 1678. In the 1870s and '80s silver strikes and the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway brought prosperity to the twin towns of Port Arthur and Fort William that had grown up there. Their rivalry was resolved with the unification of their harbour facilities in 1906; the towns merged in 1970 and created the city of Thunder Bay. It is one of Canada's busiest ports, with grain storage and transshipment depots; other industries include shipbuilding.

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also called  Lakehead,  

      city, seat of Thunder Bay district, west-central Ontario, Canada, on Lake Superior's Thunder Bay, at the mouth of the Kaministiquia River. Probably first occupied by French fur traders as early as 1678, its site was permanently settled only after the birth of the towns Port Arthur and Fort William in the 19th century. Fort William originated shortly after 1800, when the North West Company built a fur-trapping fort at the mouth of the Kaministiquia River. Port Arthur, the “Hill City,” developed in the 1850s as a silver-mining settlement on the hummocks a few miles to the north. Both communities prospered in the early 1870s from silver strikes in the vicinity and again with the arrival of the Canadian Pacific Railway in the 1870s and '80s. An intense rivalry that existed between the two for some time was resolved with the unification of their harbour facilities in 1906. Plans to amalgamate the twin cities began in the 1950s, and the merger created the city of Thunder Bay in 1970.

 As a major transportation centre on main rail, highway, and lake steamer routes, Thunder Bay is one of Canada's busiest ports and one of the world's largest grain storage and transshipment depots. It lies in the heart of a rich mining (gold, copper, silver, and iron ore), fur-farming, lumbering, and fishing region, served by the nearby hydroelectric plants of Silver and Kakabeka falls. Among the industries found in the area are shipbuilding and repair; flour, pulp, and paper milling; woodworking; brewing; and the manufacture of bricks, buses, trucks, and aircraft. Thunder Bay is the site of Lakehead University (founded in 1965). Pop. (2006) city, 109,140; metropolitan area, 122,907.
 

      inlet of northwestern Lake Superior, indenting the coast of west-central Ontario, Canada. The bay is 35 miles (55 km) long and 15 miles (24 km) wide; it receives the Kaministiquia and Current rivers. Pie Island lies at the entrance to the bay, and Sibley Provincial Park, 94 square miles (243 square km), is located on the peninsula that forms the bay's eastern shore. The important port city of Thunder Bay is situated on the western shore.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thunder Bay — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thunder Bay — hat folgende Bedeutungen: Thunder Bay (Ontario), eine Stadt in der kanadischen Provinz Ontario Thunder Bay District, ein Bezirk im Nordwesten von Ontario Thunder Bay (Michigan), eine Bucht am Huronsee im amerikanischen Bundesstaat Michigan, an… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thunder Bay — v. du Canada (Ontario), au fond de la Thunder Bay (baie de Thunder), sur le lac Supérieur, née de la fusion, en 1970, des villes de Port Arthur et de Fort William; 113 900 hab. Port céréalier …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thunder Bay — [after the bay on which it is located: the bay was named for the thunderbird of Indian legend] city & port in W Ontario, Canada, on Lake Superior: formed in 1970 by the merger of Fort William and Port Arthur: pop. 114,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Thunder Bay — (spr. thönder bē, »Donnerbai«), 1) große Bucht an der Nordseite des Obern Sees in Kanada, 30 km lang, 22 km breit und bis 55 m tief, umgeben von hohen, an Eisen und Kupfer reichen Ufern, mit den Häfen Port Arthur und Fort William. – 2) Bucht an… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Thunder Bay —   [ θʌndə beɪ], Stadt in der Provinz Ontario, Kanada, am Oberen See, 114 000 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz; Lakehead University (gegründet 1965); Schiff , Zellstoff und Papierindustrie; als kanadischer Endpunkt des Sankt Lorenz Seeweges… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Thunder Bay — For other uses, see Thunder Bay (disambiguation). Thunder Bay   City   Marina Park, and Downtown Thunder Bay North …   Wikipedia

  • Thunder Bay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thunder et Bay. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Thunder Bay peut faire référence à : Thunder Bay, ville canadienne de la province de l Ontario …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thunder Bay — Original name in latin Thunder Bay Name in other language Tander Bej, Tander Bejus, Tander Bjus, Tander Bej, Thunder Bay, YQT, sandabei, sang de bei, seondeobei, thandr bay, awntaryw, Тандер Беј, Тандер Бей, State code CA Continent/City… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Thunder Bay — noun a port city in Ontario on Lake Superior • Instance Hypernyms: ↑city, ↑metropolis, ↑urban center, ↑port • Part Holonyms: ↑Ontario * * * Thunder Bay [Thunder Bay] …   Useful english dictionary


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