threonine


threonine
/three"euh neen', -nin/, n. Biochem.
an essential amino acid, CH3CHOHCH(NH2)COOH, obtained by the hydrolysis of proteins. Abbr.: Thr; Symbol: T
[1925-30; threon- (alter. of Gk erythrón, neut. of erythrós red; see ERYTHRO-) + -INE2]

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One of the essential amino acids.

It occurs in the proteins of egg, milk, gelatin, and other biological substances and may be synthesized or obtained by hydrolyzing casein. It is used in nutritional and biochemical research and as a dietary supplement.

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      an amino acid obtainable from many proteins. One of the last amino acids to be isolated (1935), threonine is one of several so-called essential amino acids; i.e., animals cannot synthesize it and require dietary sources. It is synthesized in microorganisms from the amino acid aspartic acid.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Threonine — Thréonine Thréonine Formule semi développée de la L thréonine. Général No CAS …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Thréonine — L thréonine (2S,3R) et L allo thréonine (2S,3S) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • thréonine — [ treɔnin ] n. f. • apr. 1935; angl. threonine, de threose mot all., altér. de erythrose, et ine ♦ Biochim. Acide aminé essentiel, possédant une fonction alcool secondaire, l un des principaux constituants des protéines. ● thréonine nom féminin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • threonine — threonine. См. треонин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • threonine — [thrē′ə nēn΄, thrē′ənin] n. [prob. < threon(ic acid) + INE3] an essential amino acid, CH3CH(OH)CH(NH2)COOH, obtained from the hydrolysis of many proteins …   English World dictionary

  • Threonine — NatOrganicBox name=(2 S ,3 R ) 2 Amino 3 hydroxybutanoic acid PubChem = 6288 CAS = 72 19 5 EINECS = 200 774 1 SMILES = C [C@@H] (O) [C@H] (N)C(O)=O C=4 | H=9 | N=1 | O=3 mass=119.12 g/molThreonine (abbreviated as Thr or T) [cite web |… …   Wikipedia

  • threonine — 2 Amino 3 hydroxybutyric acid; the l isomer is one of the naturally occurring amino acid s, included in the structure of most proteins, and nutritionally essential in the diet of humans and other mammals. t. deaminase SYN: t. dehydratase. t.… …   Medical dictionary

  • threonine — treoninas statusas T sritis chemija formulė CH₃CH(OH)CH(NH₂)COOH santrumpa( os) Thr, T atitikmenys: angl. threonine rus. треонин ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 amino 3 hidroksibutano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • threonine — noun Etymology: probably from threonic acid (C4H8O5) Date: 1936 a colorless crystalline essential amino acid C4H9NO3 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • threonine — (= Thr; T; 119 D) The hydroxylated polar amino acid …   Dictionary of molecular biology


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