thiamine


thiamine
/thuy"euh min, -meen'/, n. Biochem.
a white, crystalline, water-soluble compound of the vitamin-B complex, containing a thiazole and a pyrimidine group, C12H17ClN4OS, essential for normal functioning of the nervous system, a deficiency of which results chiefly in beriberi and other nerve disorders: occurring in many natural sources, as green peas, liver, and esp. the seed coats of cereal grains, the commercial product of which is chiefly synthesized in the form of its chloride (thiamine chloride or thiamine hydrochloride) for therapeutic administration, or in nitrate form (thiamine mononitrate) for enriching flour mixes.
Also, thiamin /thuy"euh min/. Also called vitamin B1, aneurin, aneurine.
[1905-10; THI- + AMINE]

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • thiamine — [ tjamin ] n. f. • mil. XXe; de thi(o) et amine ♦ Biochim. Vitamine B1. Administration de thiamine dans le traitement des polynévrites. ● thiamine nom féminin Synonyme de vitamine B1. ● thiamine (synonymes) nom féminin Synonymes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thiamine — is vitamin B1. Thiamine acts as a coenzyme in the metabolism of the body. Deficiency of thiamine leads to beriberi, a disease affecting the heart and nervous system. The word vitamin was coined in 1911 by the Warsaw born biochemist Casimir Funk… …   Medical dictionary

  • thiamine — thiamine. См. тиамин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • thiamine — (also thiamin) ► NOUN ▪ vitamin B1, a compound found in unrefined cereals, beans, and liver, a deficiency of which causes beriberi. ORIGIN from Greek theion sulphur …   English terms dictionary

  • thiamine — [thī′əminthī′ə min, thī′əmēn΄] n. [< THI + (VIT)AMIN] a white, crystalline B vitamin, C12H17ClN4OS, found in the outer coating of cereal grains, green peas, beans, egg yolk, liver, etc., and also prepared synthetically; vitamin B1: a… …   English World dictionary

  • Thiamine — For the similarly spelled nucleobase, see thymine. Thiamine chloride …   Wikipedia

  • Thiamine — Vitamine B1 Vitamine B1 Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • thiamine — also thiamin noun Etymology: thiamine alteration of thiamin, from thi + amin (as in vitamin) Date: 1937 a vitamin C12H17N4OSCl of the vitamin B complex that is essential to normal metabolism and nerve function and is widespread in plants and… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • thiamine — мед. тиамин (thiamine – витамин B1)  Водорастворимый витамин.   Участвует в процессе превращения глюкозы в энергию.   Необходим для нормальной работы нервной системы.  Тиамин содержится в основном в зерновых продуктах, отрубях.  Им богаты хлеб из …   Универсальный дополнительный практический толковый словарь И. Мостицкого

  • thiamine — thiamin UK [ˈθaɪəmɪn] / US or thiamine UK [ˈθaɪəmiːn] / US [ˈθaɪəˌmɪn] noun [uncountable] medical a natural chemical in many types of food that your body uses to make your nerves work correctly. It belongs to the vitamin B group …   English dictionary


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