- Theodosius II
A.D. 401-450, emperor of the Eastern Roman Empire 408-450.
* * *born April 10, 401, Constantinopledied July 28, 450Eastern Roman emperor (408–450).In 402 he was made coemperor with his father, Arcadius (son of Theodosius I), then became sole ruler of the East at age seven, initially under a regency. A gentle, scholarly man, he allowed relatives and ministers to dominate his government. His generals twice repelled the Persians (422, 447) but failed to evict the Vandals from Roman Africa (429) and to prevent Attila's invasions (441–443, 447). The Nestorian heresy caused internal upheaval. Theodosius was credited with building the wall around Constantinople (413), founding the University of Constantinople (425), and promulgating the Theodosian Code (438).
* * *▪ Roman emperorborn April 10, 401, Constantinople [now Istanbul, Tur.]died July 28, 450Eastern Roman emperor from 408 to 450. He was a gentle, scholarly, easily dominated man who allowed his government to be run by a succession of relatives and ministers.The son of the Eastern emperor Arcadius (reigned 383–408), he was made coemperor in 402 and became sole ruler of the East upon his father's death in 408. At first the able Anthemius, praetorian prefect of the East, was regent for young Theodosius. Anthemius dropped out of sight in 414, when the emperor's sister Pulcheria received the title augusta and assumed the regency. Throughout his reign, control of the government remained out of Theodosius' hands.At various times during his reign, Theodosius sent armies against the Vandals of Africa, the Persians, and the Huns. His generals defeated Persian (Sāsānian) invaders in 422 and 447, but campaigns against the Vandals, who had occupied most of Roman Africa in 429, ended in failure. Theodosius' policy of appeasing the mighty Hun leader Attila did not prevent massive Hun invasions of the Danubian provinces in 441–443 and 447. His reign was also troubled by a dispute over the heretical doctrines of Nestorius, whom Theodosius appointed patriarch of Constantinople in 428. Nestorius was deposed by a church council in 431.Theodosius' name is associated with three important projects. The first, erection of an impregnable wall around Constantinople (413), was actually the work of Anthemius. The emperor did, however, have a hand in founding the University of Constantinople in 425 and in supervising compilation of the Theodosian Code (published 438), which codified the laws issued after 312. Theodosius died from injuries suffered during a hunting accident. His daughter Licinia Eudoxia married the Western Roman emperor Valentinian III (reigned 425–455).
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Theodosius I. — Theodosius I. Theodosius I. (griechisch Θεοδόσιος A , eigentlich Flavius Theodosius), auch bekannt als Theodosius der Große (* 11. Januar 347 in Cauca, Spanien; † 17. Januar 395 in Mailand), war … Deutsch Wikipedia
Theodosius II. — Theodosius II. (griechisch Θεοδόσιος Β , * April 401; † 28. Juli 450), einziger Sohn der Aelia Eudoxia und des Arcadius, wurde siebenjährig oströmischer Kaiser. Im Codex Theodosianus ließ er die Gesetze und Verfügungen der römischen Kaiser… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Theodosius I — • Roman Emperor (also known as Flavius Theodosius), born in Spain, about 346; died at Milan, 17 January, 395 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Theodosius I Theodosius I … Catholic encyclopedia
Theodosius — (from the Greek Θεοδόσιος , Giver of God ) is a name which might refer to one of several people:* One of three emperors of ancient Rome and Byzantium: ** Theodosius I (347 ndash;395; Theodosius the Great ), son of Count Theodosius ** Theodosius… … Wikipedia
Theodosius — ist unter anderem der Name dreier römischer bzw. byzantinischer Kaiser: Theodosius I., der Große (347–395, oströmischer Kaiser, letzter Kaiser des Gesamtreiches), Theodosius II. (401–450, oströmischer Kaiser), Theodosius III. (715–717,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Theodosius — Theodosius, römischer (oströmischer) Kaiser: 1) Theodosius I., der Große, römische Kaiser (seit 383, Mitkaiser seit 379), * Cauca (heute Coca) 11. 1. 347, ✝ Mediolanum (heute Mailand) 17. 1. 395, Großvater von 2). Durch Gratian 379 zum… … Universal-Lexikon
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THEODOSIUS I° — THEODOSIUS I°, Roman emperor, 379–395 C.E. Although Theodosius, an orthodox Christian, was responsive to the influence of the church, he subordinated it to his authority. During his reign, and in the reigns of his sons Arcadius and honorius , the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
THEODOSIUS II° — (Flavius Theodosius Junior), Roman emperor of the East, 408–450 C.E. Theodosius II edited the first official collection of the imperial statutes from the time of Constantine to the year 438, the year of publication of the Theodosian Code (C. Th.) … Encyclopedia of Judaism
THEODOSIUS — THEODOSIUS, spokesman for the Samaritan community of alexandria in the second century B.C.E. During the reign of Ptolemy VI Philometor (180–145 B.C.E.) a dispute arose between the Jews and Samaritans of Alexandria. The quarrel centered around the … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Theodosius I — [thē΄ə dō′shəs, thē΄dō′shē əs] ( Flavius Theodosius) A.D. 346? 395; Rom. general: emperor of Rome (379 395): called the Great Theodosian adj … English World dictionary