Tenochtitlán


Tenochtitlán
/te nawch'tee tlahn"/, n.
the capital of the Aztec empire: founded in 1325; destroyed by the Spaniards in 1521; now the site of Mexico City.

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Ancient capital of the Aztec empire.

Located at the site of modern Mexico City, it was founded с 1325 in the marshes of Lake Texcoco. It formed a confederacy with Texcoco and Tlacopán and was the Aztec capital by the late 15th century. Originally located on two small islands in Lake Texcoco, it gradually spread through the construction of artificial islands to cover more than 5 sq mi (13 sq km). It was connected to the mainland by several causeways. The population in 1519 was estimated to be about 400,000 people, the largest residential concentration in Mesoamerican history. It contained the palace of Montezuma II, said to consist of 300 rooms, as well as hundreds of temples. It was destroyed by the Spanish conquistadores under Hernán Cortés in 1521.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tenochtitlan — (Betonung auf dem i, aber langes o, nahuatl Tenōchtitlan, IPA: [te.noːʧ. ti.tɬan], „Stadt des Tenōch“ Name gebildet aus tetl, Stein, und nōchtli Kaktusfeige, Frucht des no palli, Opuntia vulgaris die häufig vorgetragene Übersetzung „Stadt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tenochtitlan — Основная информац …   Википедия

  • Tenochtitlán —   [tenotʃti tlan], Hauptstadt der Azteken, Mexiko, ab 1325 auf einer Insel im Texcocosee errichtet. Der Name bezeichnet den Ort, wo die Azteken nach einer Legende von ihrem Stammesgott Huitzilopochtli angewiesen wurden zu siedeln, nämlich den Ort …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Tenochtitlan — Tenochtitlan, einer der aztekischen Namen Mexikos. T. bedeutet »Fels des Nopal«, der jetzt im mexikanischen Wappen erscheint (s. Mexiko, S. 736) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tenochtitlan — Tenochtitlan, der aztekische Name der Stadt Mexiko …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Tenochtitlán — V. Mexico …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tenochtitlan — former Aztec city, Nahuatl, lit. place of the nopal rock, from tetl rock + nuchtli nopal, a species of cactus sacred to the sun god …   Etymology dictionary

  • Tenochtitlán — Wandkarte von Tenochtitlán mit Blick nach Osten im Museo Nacional de México (nach einem Bild von Dr. Atl (Gerardo Murillo), 1930) Tenochtitlán (nahuatl Tenōchtitlan, IPA [te.noːʧ. ti.tɬan], Stadt des Tenōch bzw. St …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tenochtitlan — This article is about the Aztec city state. For the modern municipality in Mexico, see Tenochtitlán, Veracruz. For the post Aztec history, see Mexico City. Mexico Tenochtitlan …   Wikipedia

  • Tenochtitlan — Mexico Tenochtitlan Monde aztèque Société aztèque Nahuatl Mythologie aztèque Religion aztèque Astrologie aztèque …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tenochtitlàn — Mexico Tenochtitlan Monde aztèque Société aztèque Nahuatl Mythologie aztèque Religion aztèque Astrologie aztèque …   Wikipédia en Français


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