Temple


Temple
/tem"peuhl/, n.
1. Shirley (Shirley Temple Black), born 1928, U.S. film actress, famous for child roles during the 1930s, and diplomat.
2. Sir William, 1628-99, English essayist and diplomat.
3. a city in central Texas. 42,483.

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I
Edifice constructed for the worship of a deity.

Features commonly include a sanctuary and an altar. Ancient Egypt had two kinds of temple: mortuary temples for the cults of dead kings, with a chapel in which offerings were presented, and cult temples that held images of deities. The cult temple typically included a massive pylon entrance with a court leading to a hypostyle hall and, at the heart of the temple, a shrine for the cult image. Most Classical Greek temples were rectangular and built of marble or other stone on a low stylobate (stepped platform). A gable roof was supported by columns, with a portico at each end (amphiprostyle temple), a colonnade extending all around (peripteral temple), or a double line of columns all around (dipteral temple). An inner cella housed the image of a deity, and an altar stood outside the temple. Roman temples were profoundly influenced by Greek style, but the altar was inside the temple and the colonnade was often reduced to a row of engaged columns. Hindu temples vary regionally, but generally consist of a towering shrine and a columned hall surrounded by an elaborate wall. Buddhist temples range from half-buried sanctuaries with richly carved entrances to single carved towers or statues. The Chinese and Japanese Buddhist temple is typically a one-story building of richly carved, painted, or tiled timber constructed around an atrium used for worship, though towering pagodas were sometimes built as temples over a shrine. In the Americas, Inca and Mayan temples were constructed of stone, often richly carved; they were generally stair-stepped pyramids, with the shrine at the top. See also synagogue.
II
(as used in expressions)
Horyu Temple
Jerusalem Temple of
Ryoan Temple
Temple Shirley
Shirley Temple Black
Temple Sir William
Todai Temple
Palmerston of Palmerston Henry John Temple 3rd Viscount

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      city, Bell county, central Texas, U.S. It lies along the Little River, just southeast of Belton Lake (impounded on the Leon River) and some 35 miles (55 km) south-southwest of Waco. With the cities of Bartlett, Belton, Copperas Cove, Gatesville, Salado, and Killeen, it forms part of the Killeen-Temple Metropolitan Statistical Area.

      Founded by the Gulf, Colorado, and Santa Fe Railroad in 1880, it was incorporated in 1882 and named for B.M. Temple, a railroad engineer. When, soon thereafter, the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas Railroad came through, it became a division point with railroad shops. During the 1880s Temple became a point of settlement for several hundred Czech immigrants; SPJST (Slovanska Podporujici Jednota Statu Texas; Slavonic Benevolent Order of the State of Texas) Museum houses more than 18,000 books in the Czech language, as well as many artifacts of Czech pioneer life. The city's growth as a commercial centre for livestock and farm produce was fostered by the establishment of three hospitals (Santa Fe [1892], King's Daughters [1897], and Scott-White [1904]). Temple (community) College was founded in 1926, and the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor (Baptist; founded 1845) is in nearby Belton.

      Temple is headquarters for several state and regional agencies of the U.S. Department of Agriculture and for agricultural-research centres. Manufactures include school and office furniture, electronic and optical products, animal feed, and farm machinery. Temple's history is commemorated in the city's Railroad and Pioneer Museum. Pop. (1990) city, 46,150; Killeen-Temple MSA, 255,301; (2000) city, 54,514; Killeen-Temple MSA, 312,952.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • temple — [ tɑ̃pl ] n. m. • temple de Salomon 1080; lat. templum 1 ♦ (1170) Didact. Édifice public consacré au culte d une divinité. ⇒aussi église, mosquée, pagode, synagogue. « La crainte a élevé des temples » (Valéry). Consacrer; profaner un temple. 2 ♦… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Temple — • The Latin form, templum, from which the English temple is derived, originally signified an uncovered area marked off by boundaries; especially the place marked off by the augurs to be excepted from all profane uses Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • temple — 1. (tan pl ) s. m. 1°   Chez les Romains, lieu découvert d où la vue pouvait s étendre, et consacré par les augures. •   Le sénat ne pouvait s assembler légalement que dans un lieu consacré par les augures, auquel on donnait pour cette raison le… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Temple — bezeichnet: Temple (Paris) ein ehemaliges Ordensgebiet der Templer in Paris und das in diesem Gebiet gelegene 3. Arrondissement von Paris Temple (Métro Paris) eine U Bahn Station in Paris Teile des ehemaligen Ordensgebiets der Templer in London:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Temple d'or —  Pour le film de J.Lee Thompson, voir Le temple d or …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Temple d'A-Ma — Temple d’A Ma Porte d entrée du complexe Présentation Nom local 媽閣廟 Culte Taoïsme, religion traditionnelle chinoise Type …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Temple — Tem ple, n. [AS. tempel, from L. templum a space marked out, sanctuary, temple; cf. Gr. ? a piece of land marked off, land dedicated to a god: cf. F. t[ e]mple, from the Latin. Cf. {Contemplate}.] 1. A place or edifice dedicated to the worship of …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Temple — puede referirse a: Templanza, una virtud. La técnica de pintura denominada pintura al temple. La Orden del Temple, orden medieval de carácter religioso y militar nacida en la primera cruzada. Templado del acero Sir William Temple, estadista y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Temple du Hâ — Présentation Culte Protestant Type Temple Dé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • temple — sustantivo masculino 1. Carácter o estado de ánimo de una persona: Tienes que tener mucho temple para que no te desanime. Es un hombre de temple optimista. 2. Capacidad de una persona para no perder los nervios o el control en las situaciones… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • Temple — Temple, GA U.S. city in Georgia Population (2000): 2383 Housing Units (2000): 956 Land area (2000): 6.764119 sq. miles (17.518986 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.095859 sq. miles (0.248273 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.859978 sq. miles (17.767259 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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