tax


tax
taxer, n.taxingly, adv.taxless, adj.taxlessly, adv.taxlessness, n.
/taks/, n.
1. a sum of money demanded by a government for its support or for specific facilities or services, levied upon incomes, property, sales, etc.
2. a burdensome charge, obligation, duty, or demand.
v.t.
3. (of a government)
a. to demand a tax from (a person, business, etc.).
b. to demand a tax in consideration of the possession or occurrence of (income, goods, sales, etc.), usually in proportion to the value of money involved.
4. to lay a burden on; make serious demands on: to tax one's resources.
5. to take to task; censure; reprove; accuse: to tax one with laziness.
6. Informal. to charge: What did he tax you for that?
7. Archaic. to estimate or determine the amount or value of.
v.i.
8. to levy taxes.
[1250-1300; (v.) ME taxen < ML taxare to tax, appraise, L: to appraise, handle, freq. of tangere to touch; (n.) ME, deriv. of the v.]
Syn. 1. duty, impost, levy. 4. strain, tire, stretch.

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I
Government levy on persons, groups, or businesses.

Taxes are a general obligation of taxpayers and are not paid in exchange for any specific benefit. They have existed since ancient times
property taxes and sales taxes were known in ancient Rome
but tariffs were favoured over internal taxes as a source of revenue. In modern economies, there has been a trend away from tariffs in favour of internal taxes, which provide the majority of revenues. Taxes have three functions: to cover government spending, to promote stable economic growth, and to lessen inequalities in the distribution of income and wealth. They have also been used for nonfiscal reasons, such as to encourage or discourage certain activities (e.g., cigarette consumption). Taxes may be classified as direct or indirect. Direct taxes are those that the taxpayer cannot shift onto someone else; they are mainly taxes on persons and are based on an individual's ability to pay as measured by income or net wealth. Direct taxes include income taxes, taxes on net worth, death duties (i.e., inheritance and estate taxes), and gift taxes. Indirect taxes are those that can be shifted in whole or in part to someone other than the person legally responsible for payment. These include excise taxes, sales taxes, and value-added taxes. Taxes may also be classified according to the effect they have on the distribution of wealth. A proportional tax is one that imposes the same relative burden on all taxpayers, unlike progressive taxes and regressive taxes.
II
(as used in expressions)
investment tax credit

* * *

      compulsory levy that is the most important source of government revenue. See taxation.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • -tax — tax·is; …   English syllables

  • tax — 1 vt [Medieval Latin taxare to assess for taxation, tax, from Latin, to assess, value, fix] 1: to assess or determine judicially the amount of (costs of an action in court) 2: to levy a tax on tax the corporation tax capital gains tax·er n tax 2 …   Law dictionary

  • tax — tax·abil·i·ty; tax·a·ce·ae; tax·ad; tax·am·e·ter; tax·as·pid·e·an; tax·a·tion; tax·a·tion·al; tax·a·tor; tax; tax·eme; tax·e·op·o·da; tax·e·op·o·dous; tax·er; …   English syllables

  • Tax — Tax, n. [F. taxe, fr. taxer to tax, L. taxare to touch, sharply, to feel, handle, to censure, value, estimate, fr. tangere, tactum, to touch. See {Tangent}, and cf. {Task}, {Taste}.] 1. A charge, especially a pecuniary burden which is imposed by… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tax — (t[a^]ks), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Taxed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Taxing}.] [Cf. F. taxer. See {Tax}, n.] 1. To subject to the payment of a tax or taxes; to impose a tax upon; to lay a burden upon; especially, to exact money from for the support of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • tax´er — tax «taks», noun, verb. –n. 1. money paid by people for the support of the government and the cost of public works and services; money or sometimes goods collected from citizens by their rulers; assessment; levy: »Our parents pay taxes to the… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tax — steht für Sissi Tax (* 1954) österreichische Schriftstellerin. Ignace Tax († 1977) österreichischer Sportler Tax als Begriff für Steuern Flat Tax Einheitssteuer Tax Shield Begriff der Finanzwirtschaft. Tax Justice Network (Netzwerk für… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tax|i — «TAK see», noun, plural tax|is or tax|ies, verb, tax|ied, tax|i|ing or tax|y| …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tax — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. TAX, sigle composé des trois lettres T, A et X, peut faire référence à : Taliabu dans les îles Moluques, en Indonésie, selon la liste des codes AITA… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • tax — [n1] charge levied by government on property, income assessment, bite*, brokerage, capitation, contribution, cost, custom, dues, duty, excise, expense, fine, giveaway*, imposition, impost, levy, obligation, pork barrel*, price, rate, salvage,… …   New thesaurus

  • tax — [taks] vt. [ME taxen < MFr taxer, to tax < L taxare, to appraise, tax, censure < base of tangere, to touch (see TACT): used interchangeably with tasken (see TASK) in ME] 1. Obs. to determine the value of; assess 2. a) to require to pay a …   English World dictionary


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