/tup"euhs/, n. Yoga.the conditioning of the body through the proper kinds and amounts of diet, rest, bodily training, meditation, etc., to bring it to the greatest possible state of creative power.
* * *Ascetic practice carried out to achieve spiritual power or purification.In Hinduism, it is associated with Yoga as a way of purifying the body in preparation for the more exacting spiritual exercises leading to liberation. In Jainism, its practice is a central means of breaking the cycle of rebirths by preventing new karma from forming and by eliminating the old. Tapas can take many forms, including fasting, controlling the breath, and holding difficult and painful body postures. Extreme forms are carried out by sadhus, many of whom earn alms for their unusual abilities or deprivations.
* * *▪ Hinduism(Sanskrit: “heat,” or “ardour”), in Hinduism, ascetic practice voluntarily carried out to achieve spiritual power or purification. In the Vedas, tapas refers to the “inner heat” created by the practice of physical austerities and figured in the creation myths, as a means by which Prajāpati (the main creator god) brought the world into existence. In later Hinduism the practice of tapas was especially associated with yogic discipline as a way of purifying the body in preparation for the more exacting spiritual exercises leading to liberation (moksha). Among the austerities mentioned in the sacred literature are fasting, the holding of difficult and often painful bodily postures, vigils kept in the presence of fires or extreme cold, and breath control.In the Jaina religion asceticism is seen as a way of preventing new karma (effect of good or bad action) from forming, as well as a way of getting rid of the old, and is thus one of the central means of breaking the cycle of rebirths. The Jainas distinguish between external tapas, such as fasting (including the most severe form, fasting unto death), restricting the intake of food, meditating, and living in seclusion, and internal tapas, such as contemplation, confession, and repentance of sins.In early Buddhism the monastic life of chastity and poverty was regarded as the only path to enlightenment. Yet the Buddha renounced the extremes of self-mortification as strongly as he did self-indulgence, in his advocation of the “middle way.”
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tapas — [ tapas ] n. f. pl. • 1987; de l esp. tapa « couvercle », de la tranche de pain qui recouvrait le verre pour le protéger des mouches ♦ Assortiment de petites entrées variées, à l espagnole, servi à l apéritif. Un bar à tapas. ● tapas nom féminin… … Encyclopédie Universelle
tapas — Tapas are nibbles or snacks eaten with a drink before lunch or dinner. The most common tapas are simple things such as olives, nuts, small portions of cold sausages, serrano (raw cured) ham, potato omelette, vegetable relishes and prawns.… … Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture
Tapas — ist: ein Begriff aus Indien, siehe Tapas (Sanskrit) ein spanisches Gericht, siehe Tapa (Gericht) ein spanischer Film aus dem Jahre 2005, siehe Tapas (Film) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung … Deutsch Wikipedia
tapas — ► PLURAL NOUN ▪ small Spanish savoury dishes, typically served with drinks at a bar. ORIGIN Spanish, cover, lid (because the dishes were given free with the drink, served on a dish balanced on the glass) … English terms dictionary
Tapas — For the spritual concept, see Tapas (Sanskrit); for the Spanish film, see Tapas (film). Infobox Prepared Food name = Tapas caption = Puntillitas a battered and fried baby squid form of tapas alternate name = country = Spain region = creator =… … Wikipedia
Tapas — Pour l’article homonyme, voir Tapa. Des tapas … Wikipédia en Français
tapas — (tapasya) Tapas (heat) or tapasya is a concept of great importance in Hindu practices of austerity. The word refers to the sacred heat that is generated by bodily mortifications and ascetic denial. Tapas confers wondrous powers and abilities… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Tapas — Tạ|pas 〈Pl.; span. Kochk.〉 (bes. in Bars angebotene) pikante Vorspeisen, Appetithäppchen * * * Tạpas [Sanskrit »Glut«, »Hitze«, »Qual«, »Askese«] das, , in der vedischen Kosmogonie die kosmische Bruthitze, durch die das »goldene Weltenei«… … Universal-Lexikon
Tapas — Original name in latin Tapas Name in other language Tapas, Tapaz State code PH Continent/City Asia/Manila longitude 11.2613 latitude 122.5364 altitude 43 Population 2340 Date 2012 01 17 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
tapas — noun /ˈtæp.æs,ˈtæp.əs,ˈtæp.əs,ˈtɑːp.əs/ Variety of small food items or snacks originally served with sherry. The snacks are called tapas because in the old days a piece of toast was served, too, so that you might have a top on your glass of… … Wiktionary