talapoin

talapoin
/tal"euh poyn'/, n.
a small, yellowish guenon monkey, Micropithecus (Cercopithecus) talapoin, of western Africa.
[1580-90; < F, special use (orig. jocular) of talapoin Buddhist monk < Mon toela p n (written tila puin) Buddha, lit., the Lord of Merit (Old Mon tirlaa' lord + Pali puñña merit)]

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monkey
      either of two small species of monkeys found in swamp forests on each side of the lower Congo River and neighbouring river systems. Talapoins are the smallest of the Old World monkeys, weighing less than 2 kg (4.4 pounds). M. talapoin, which lives south and east of the river in Angola and the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Kinshasa), has been known to science since the 18th century, whereas M. ogouensis, living north and west of the river in the Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) and Gabon, was recognized as a distinct species in the 1990s. Both species have long tails and greenish upperparts, but the colour of their fur and several other parts of the body is different and varies among individuals.

      Talapoins live in huge troops, usually of 50 to 100, but, in the vicinity of villages, they often number well over 100 and raid root crops, especially manioc (see cassava). Manioc contains high concentrations of poisonous hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and is left by farmers to leach in running water for days before it can be prepared. During this time, talapoins test the leaching roots and eat those that they consider to be safe. Troops of talapoins sleep in trees along watercourses, and when disturbed they drop into the water and swim away. Within the troop, various social behaviours such as aggression, play, and grooming are observed among small groups and individuals.

      Talapoins belong to the Old World monkey family, Cercopithecidae. They have sometimes been included with the guenons (guenon) in the genus Cercopithecus, but talapoins' smaller size and the development of sexual swellings in females during estrus warrant their classification as a separate genus.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • talapoin — ● talapoin nom masculin (portugais tala p�o, de l ancien birman tala poi, monseigneur) Nom donné aux moines bouddhistes de la Birmanie et de la Thaïlande par les Européens, au XVII et au XVIIIe s. Petit cercopithèque d Afrique occidentale, aux… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Talapoin — Tal a*poin (t[a^]l [.a]*poin), n. (Zo[ o]l.) A small African monkey ({Cercopithecus talapoin} or {Miopithecus talapoin}) called also {melarhine}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Talapoin — Tal a*poin (t[a^]l [.a]*poin), n. [Pg. talapoi, talapoin, name for Buddhist priest, fr. Siamese t ama p r[a^]; t ama, honorific title + p r[a^] priest.] A Buddhist monk or priest. [Ceylon & Indo China] [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Talapoin — Talapoin, Art der Meerkatzen, s.d. 2) C) f) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Talapoin —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Talapoin du Nord. Talapoin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Talapoin — Talapoins[1] Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia …   Wikipedia

  • talapoin — nykštukinė markata statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Cercopithecus talapoin angl. dwarf guenon; talapoin monkey vok. Zwerg Meerkatze rus. крошечная мартышка; мартышка талапойн pranc. talapoin ryšiai:… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • talapoin — /ˈtæləpɔɪn/ (say taluhpoyn) noun a small, yellowish monkey, Cercopithecus talapoin, of western Africa, the smallest of the guenons. {French: Buddhist monk, talapoin (from fancied resemblance), from Portuguese, from Mon (Talaing) tala pôi my lord} …   Australian-English dictionary

  • talapoin — [ taləpɔɪn] noun 1》 a Buddhist monk or priest. 2》 a small West African monkey. [Miopithecus talapoin.] Origin C16: from Port. talapão, from Mon tala pói, lit. lord of merit …   English new terms dictionary

  • talapoin — žalioji markata statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas rūšis atitikmenys: lot. Cercopithecus aethiops angl. grass monkey; green monkey; grivet; grivet monkey; savanna monkey; talapoin; vervet monkey vok. Grünaffe; grüne Meerkatze… …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas


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