Taborite


Taborite
/tay"beuh ruyt'/, n.
(in the 15th century) a member of the militant body of Hussites maintaining a strict literal interpretation of the Scriptures.
[1640-50; named after Tabor, city in Bohemia where the radical party of Hussites had its headquarters; see -ITE1]

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▪ religious movement
Czech  Táboři 

      member of a militant group of Bohemian (Bohemia) Hussite reformers who in 1420 gave the biblical name of Tabor (Czech: Tábor) to their fortified settlement south of Prague. Like their more moderate coreligionists, the Utraquists (Utraquist), they were strict biblicists and insisted on receiving a Eucharist of both bread and wine, though they denied transubstantiation and the Real Presence. Nicholas of Pelhřimov, first bishop of the Taborites, headed an independent church that replaced Latin with Czech in the liturgy, allowed married clergy, and rejected all the sacraments except Baptism and the Eucharist. The Taborites' military campaigns and their destruction of churches, which took place under the leadership of Jan Žižka (Žižka, Jan, Count (Hrabě)), Prokop Holý, and Prokop the Lesser, aroused such widespread animosity that the Utraquists finally joined Roman Catholic Czech forces to defeat the Taborite army at Lipany in 1434. Despite the deaths of Žižka (1424) and Prokop (1434), the Taborites continued their struggle until a decisive battle in 1452, when Tábor itself was captured.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Taborite — Ta bor*ite, n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who suffered persecution in the fifteenth century; so called from Tabor, a hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their struggles. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • taborite — ● taborite nom Membre d un groupe de hussites radicaux groupés autour de Jan Zižka, qui se retranchèrent en 1420 à Tábor (Bohême Méridionale). [Opposés aux calixtins (modérés), ils condamnaient la tradition, les cérémonies liturgiques, l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Taborite — The Taborites (Czech Táborité , singular Táborita ) were members of a religious community considered heretical by the Catholic Church. The Taborites were centered on the Bohemian city of Tábor during the Hussite Wars in the 15th century. The… …   Wikipedia

  • taborite — ˈtābəˌrīt noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Tábor, town south of Prague in the former kingdom of Bohemia (now a province of western Czechoslovakia) founded in 1420 as a Taborite stronghold by Jan Ziska died 1424 Bohemian Hussite… …   Useful english dictionary

  • taborite — (ta bo ri t ) s. m. Membre d une secte de hussites, qui refusa d accepter quatre articles acceptés par les calixtins et réglés dans le concile de Bâle. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Ainsi dit des retranchements ou tabor dont ils se servaient dans la guerre.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • taborite — ta·bor·ite …   English syllables

  • Hussite Wars — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Hussite Wars partof = date = July 30 1419 – May 30 1434 place = Central Europe, mostly in Bohemia casus = First Defenestration of Prague (30 July), burning of John Huss in 1415 result = Defeat of radical… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Vítkov Hill — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Vítkov Hill partof=the Hussite Wars caption=A painting by Alphonse Mucha detailing the carnage after the battle date=June 12 July 14, 1420 place=Vítkov Hill (outside Prague, Czech Republic)… …   Wikipedia

  • Prokop the Great — AndreasFact|date=September 2008 Prokop or Prokop the Great ( cs. Prokop Veliký) (b. about 1380 probably at HejlovFact|date=September 2008 near Tábor ndash; d. 30 May 1434 at Lipany) was one of the most prominent Hussite generals of the Hussite… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Hořice — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Hořice partof=the Hussite Wars date=April 27, 1423 place=Hořice result=Decisive Taborite victory combatant1=Taborites combatant2=Utraquists commander1=Jan Žižka commander2=Čeněk von Wartenberg… …   Wikipedia


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