synthetic


synthetic
synthetically, adv.
/sin thet"ik/, adj.
1. of, pertaining to, proceeding by, or involving synthesis (opposed to analytic).
2. noting or pertaining to compounds formed through a chemical process by human agency, as opposed to those of natural origin: synthetic vitamins; synthetic fiber.
3. (of a language) characterized by a relatively widespread use of affixes, rather than separate words, to express syntactic relationships: Latin is a synthetic language, while English is analytic. Cf. analytic (def. 3), polysynthetic (def. 1).
4. Also, synthetical. Logic. of or pertaining to a noncontradictory proposition in which the predicate is not included in, or entailed by, the subject.
5. not real or genuine; artificial; feigned: a synthetic chuckle at a poor joke.
6. Jewelry.
a. noting a gem mineral manufactured so as to be physically, chemically, and optically identical with the mineral as found in nature.
b. (not in technical use) noting a gem mineral manufactured and pigmented in imitation of a natural gemstone of that name.
n.
7. something made by a synthetic, or chemical, process.
8. synthetics.
a. substances or products made by chemical synthesis, as plastics or artificial fibers.
b. the science or industry concerned with such products.
[1690-1700; < NL syntheticus < Gk synthetikós, equiv. to synthet(ós) placed together, verbid of syntithénai to put together (syn- SYN- + the-, s. of tithénai to put, place + -tos verbid suffix) + -ikos -IC]
Syn. 5. fake, phony, counterfeit, sham.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Synthetic — Syn*thet ic, Synthetical Syn*thet ic*al, a. [Gr. ?: cf. F. synth[ e]tique.] 1. Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis or composition; as, the synthetic method of reasoning, as opposed to analytical. [1913 Webster] Philosophers… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • synthetic — [sin thet′ik] adj. [Fr synthétique < Gr synthetikos] 1. of, involving, or using synthesis 2. produced by synthesis; specif., produced by chemical synthesis, rather than of natural origin 3. not real or genuine; artificial 4. Linguis.… …   English World dictionary

  • synthetic — ► ADJECTIVE 1) made by chemical synthesis, especially to imitate a natural product. 2) not genuine. ► NOUN ▪ a synthetic substance, especially a textile fibre. DERIVATIVES synthetically adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • synthetic — I adjective artificial, counterfeit, ersatz, factitious, illegitimate, man made, manufactured, mock, not genuine, not natural, pretended, pseudo, quasi, spurious, unnatural II index assumed (feigned), false ( …   Law dictionary

  • synthetic — 1690s, as a term in logic, from Fr. synthétique (17c.), from Mod.L. syntheticus, from Gk. synthetikos, from synthetos, pp. of syntithenai (see SYNTHESIS (Cf. synthesis)). From 1874 in reference to products or materials made artificially by… …   Etymology dictionary

  • synthetic — *artificial, ersatz, factitious …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • synthetic — [adj] artificial constructed, counterfeit, ersatz*, fabricated, factitious, fake, false, hokey*, made, makeshift, manufactured, mock, phony, plastic, unnatural; concepts 485,582 Ant. genuine, natural, real …   New thesaurus

  • Synthetic — Synthesis, the combination of two or more parts, whether by design or by natural processes. Furthermore, it may imply being prepared or made artificially, in contrast to naturally. Contents 1 In the sense of combination 2 In the sense of… …   Wikipedia

  • synthetic — A derivative position which is created synthetically by using other derivative contracts. For example, the creation of a synthetic long future by the purchase of a call option and the sale of a put option with the same exercise price and expiry… …   Financial and business terms

  • synthetic — I. adjective Etymology: Greek synthetikos of composition, component, from syntithenai to put together Date: 1697 1. relating to or involving synthesis ; not analytic < the synthetic aspects of a philosophy > 2. attributing to a subject something… …   New Collegiate Dictionary