synthesis


synthesis
synthesist, n.
/sin"theuh sis/, n., pl. syntheses /-seez'/.
1. the combining of the constituent elements of separate material or abstract entities into a single or unified entity (opposed to analysis).
2. a complex whole formed by combining.
3. Chem. the forming or building of a more complex substance or compound from elements or simpler compounds.
4. Philos. See under Hegelian dialectic.
5. Biol. See modern synthesis.
6. Psychol., Psychiatry. the integration of traits, attitudes, and impulses to create a total personality.
[1580-90; < L < Gk sýnthesis, equiv. to syn- SYN- + the- (s. of tithénai to put, place) + -sis -SIS]

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      in philosophy, the combination of parts, or elements, in order to form a more complete view or system. The coherent whole that results is considered to show the truth more completely than would a mere collection of parts. The term synthesis also refers, in the dialectical philosophy of the 19th-century German philosopher G.W.F. Hegel, to the higher stage of truth that combines the truth of a thesis and an antithesis. Jean-Paul Sartre's (Sartre, Jean-Paul) philosophy underscores an existential type of synthesis. In Being and Nothingness, consciousness (pour-soi) is always trying to become being (en-soi), to achieve a synthesis, as it were, between no-thing and some-thing.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • SYNTHESIS — communis apud Romanos convivantium vestis fuit. Licet enim in conviviis publicis ac solem nibus Toga adhiberetur, cenaeque imprimis Imperatoriae nemo nisi togatus interesse auderet; domi tamen privatis conviviis Togas Cenatoriis murabant, quas et …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Synthesis —   Titre abrégé Synthesis Discipline Chimie organique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Synthesis — Syn the*sis, n.; pl. {Syntheses}. [L., a mixture, properly, a putting together, Gr. ?, fr. ? to place or put together; sy n with + ? to place. See {Thesis}.] 1. Composition, or the putting of two or more things together, as in compounding… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • synthesis — 1610s, from L. synthesis collection, set, composition (of a medication), from Gk. synthesis composition, from syntithenai put together, combine, from syn together + tithenai put, place, from PIE root *dhe to put, to do (see FACTITIOUS (Cf. factit …   Etymology dictionary

  • Synthesis — Beschreibung Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift Fachgebiet Chemie Sprache Deutsch und Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Synthesis —    • Synthĕsis,          удобное, изящное верхнее платье, которое надевали вместо тоги, только дома и преимущественно к обеду, см. Vestis, Одежда, 10. Synthesis называли также весь гардероб и вообще гарнитуру всякого рода вещей …   Реальный словарь классических древностей

  • Synthĕsis — (Synthese, v. gr.), 1) Zusammensetzung, Verknüpfung, im Gegensatze zur Analyse (Auflösung, Zergliederung); daher synthetisch was durch Verknüpfung entsteht od. durch das Merkmal der Verknüpfung eines Mannigfaltigen in einer Einheit charakterisirt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Synthesis — Synthesis, griech., Synthese, Zusammensetzung, Verbindung, Verknüpfung, namentlich im Denkacte die Verknüpfung des Mannigfaltigen zur Einheit im Bewußtsein; synthetische Methode, die der analytischen entgegengesetzte wissenschaftliche Methode,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • synthesis — index building (business of assembling), centralization, coalescence, composition (makeup), embodiment, formation, manufacture …   Law dictionary

  • synthesis — meaning ‘a process of bringing together or connecting’, has the plural form syntheses (pronounced seez) …   Modern English usage

  • synthesis — [n] combining; combination amalgam, amalgamation, blend, building a whole, coalescence, composite, compound, constructing, construction, entirety, forming, fusion, integrating, integration, making one, organism, organization, structure,… …   New thesaurus


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