synod


synod
synodal, adj.
/sin"euhd/, n.
1. an assembly of ecclesiastics or other church delegates, convoked pursuant to the law of the church, for the discussion and decision of ecclesiastical affairs; ecclesiastical council.
2. any council.
[1350-1400; ME < L synodus < Gk sýnodos meeting, equiv. to syn- SYN- + (h)odós way]

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(as used in expressions)
Barmen Synod of
Whitby Synod of

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      (from Greek synodos, “assembly”), in the Christian church, a local or provincial assembly of bishops and other church officials meeting to resolve questions of discipline or administration.

      The earliest synods can be traced to meetings held by bishops from various regions in the middle of the 2nd century. Such synods have convened throughout the history of Christianity. A synod of bishops from the worldwide Roman Catholic church meets in Rome at regular but infrequent intervals for the purpose of discussing matters of vital church interest, in an advisory capacity to the pope.

      In some Protestant churches, the term synod has come to signify an organizational unit, as in the Presbyterian (Reformed and Presbyterian churches) and Reformed (Reformed church) traditions, where a synod consists of a number of presbyteries (presbytery). In the Lutheran (Lutheranism) church in the United States, “synod” is used as part of the name of the national organizational body, such as Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod. Individual congregations group into synods.

      The actions taken by individual synods sometimes have had lasting significance. In the Synod of Dort (Dort, Synod of) (1618–19), the Dutch Reformed Church dealt with Arminianism and sponsored many reforms aimed at personal religious renewal.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Synod — • A general term for ecclesiastical gatherings under hierarchical authority, for the discussion and decision of matters relating to faith, morals, or discipline. It corresponds to the Latin word concilium Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Synod — Syn od (s[i^]n [u^]d), n. [L. synodus, Gr. sy nodos a meeting; sy n with + odo s a way; cf. AS. sino[eth], seno[eth], F. synode, both from the Latin.] 1. (Eccl. Hist.) An ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • synod — [sin′əd] n. [ME, altered (after LL) < OE sinoth < LL(Ec) synodus < LGr(Ec) synodos, church synod < Gr, a meeting, lit., a coming together < syn , together + hodos, way: see ODE1] 1. an ecclesiastical council; specif., a) R.C.Ch. a… …   English World dictionary

  • Synod — Synod, s. Synode 4) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Synod — Synod, der heilige, s. Synodus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Synod — Synod, Heiliger, genauer Heiligster regierender S., die an der Spitze der russ. Kirche stehende Reichsbehörde, besteht aus den Metropoliten von Petersburg, Moskau und Kiew, einigen Eparchialbischöfen und dem Oberprokuror, einem Mann weltlichen… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • synod — index council (assembly), meeting (conference), session Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • synod — late 14c., ecclesiastical council, from L.L. synodus, from Gk. synodos assembly, meeting, conjunction of planets, from syn together + hodos a going, a way (see CEDE (Cf. cede)). Used by Presbyterians for assembly of ministers and other elders… …   Etymology dictionary

  • synod — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. synododzie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} kolegialny organ władzy kościelnej, w skład którego wchodzą biskupi oraz reprezentanci duchowieństwa i świeckich z różnych krajów świata, zwoływany doraźnie przez papieża w… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • synod — ► NOUN ▪ an assembly of the clergy (and sometimes also the laity) in a division of a Christian Church. DERIVATIVES synodal adjective. ORIGIN Greek sunodos meeting …   English terms dictionary

  • Synod — A synod historically is a council of a church, usually convened to decide an issue of doctrine, administration or application. In modern usage, the word often refers to the governing body of a particular church, whether its members are meeting or …   Wikipedia


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