survivor


survivor
/seuhr vuy"veuhr/, n.
1. a person or thing that survives.
2. Law. the one of two or more designated persons, as joint tenants or others having a joint interest, who outlives the other or others.
3. a person who continues to function or prosper in spite of opposition, hardship, or setbacks.
[1495-1505; SURVIVE + -OR2]

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▪ television show
      popular reality television game show whose format has been adapted and produced in more than 25 countries since the late 1990s, becoming a huge hit on American television after its debut on the CBS Corporation network in 2000.

      First employed in 1997 for a Swedish television show called Expedition: Robinson (as in Robinson Crusoe), the Survivor format involves a group of usually 16 to 20 contestants who are sequestered in a remote, exotic location and compete for a cash prize. They are initially divided into two teams (“tribes”) and are expected to survive (build shelter, find food, etc.) with a minimal number of tools. The teams periodically compete against each other in tests, called “challenges,” involving physical endurance, problem-solving ability, and resourcefulness. (The motto of the American version of the show is “Outwit. Outplay. Outlast.”) The tribe that wins a “reward challenge” is awarded “luxury” items (such as food, equipment, or phone calls). The tribe that wins an “immunity challenge” temporarily staves off elimination from the larger contest, while the losing tribe attends a “tribal council” with the show's host at the end of each episode to oust one of its members from the show through a secret vote.

      About halfway through the season, the tribes merge into a single unit with 8–10 members, after which all challenges are contested on an individual basis, although the winner is sometimes allowed to share or transfer the reward or immunity. The whole tribe attends the tribal council after each challenge, and the group continues to vote one contestant off the show each week. When only nine players are left, the contestants who are subsequently voted off begin to form the “jury” (eventually consisting of seven members), observing each tribal council and ultimately determining the winner (the “sole survivor”) by voting during the last show to eliminate one of the final two contestants. The jury's vote is sealed, and during a live finale the winner is revealed, receiving the grand prize ($1 million in the American version).

      The first season of the American show (won by Richard Hatch, who was later convicted and incarcerated for tax evasion on his $1-million grand prize) was a huge ratings triumph for CBS and is generally credited with launching the reality-television fad of the 2000s. Although subsequent series (except the second season) did not repeat the same ratings success, they nevertheless fared very well, usually placing in the top 20 most-watched shows of the season. The show was moderately successful in other countries, though not to the extent of the American version.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Survivor — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Informática 2 Televisión 3 Música 4 Literatura 5 …   Wikipedia Español

  • survivor — sur·vi·vor n: one (as a joint tenant or a child) who is recognized as outliving another and is commonly entitled to insurance benefits (as under social security) or property upon the death of the decedent see also joint and survivor annuity at… …   Law dictionary

  • Survivor BG — is the Bulgarian version of the reality show Survivor , broadcast and produced by bTV.eason 1The show s first season was filmed on a deserted island in the Caribbean off the coast of the Dominican Republic in the summer of 2006 by an… …   Wikipedia

  • Survivor — bezeichnet: eine Rockband, siehe Survivor (Band) eine Fernsehshow, siehe Survivor (Fernsehshow) ein Kurzfilm aus dem Jahr 2008 des Regisseurs Nicole Volavka, siehe Survivor (2008) den Titel eines Albums von Destiny’s Child Überlebenden der SS… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • survivor — sur‧vi‧vor [səˈvaɪvə ǁ sərˈvaɪvər] noun [countable] 1. someone or something that continues to exist through a difficult or dangerous period of time: survivor of • Investors think they are the likely survivors of this economic downturn. 2. formal… …   Financial and business terms

  • Survivor 10 — may refer to: *, the tenth season of the American version of Survivor. *, the Israeli version of Survivor …   Wikipedia

  • Survivor — Sur*viv or, n. 1. One who survives or outlives another person, or any time, event, or thing. [1913 Webster] The survivor bound In filial obligation for some term To do obsequious sorrow. Shak. [1913 Webster] 2. (Law) The longer liver of two joint …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • survivor — c.1500, in the legal sense of one who outlives another, from SURVIVE (Cf. survive). Meaning one who has a knack for pulling through adversity is attested from 1971. Survivor syndrome is first recorded 1968 …   Etymology dictionary

  • survivor — is spelt or, not er …   Modern English usage


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