Surinam toad


Surinam toad
a South American aquatic frog, Pipa pipa, the female of which carries the eggs and tadpoles in small depressions on its back.
[1765-75]

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 (Pipa pipa), aquatic South American toad (family Pipidae) in which the eggs are incubated on the back of the female. The Surinam toad is about 10 to 17 cm (4 to 7 inches) long. It has a flat, squarish body, small eyes, and a flat head with loose flaps of skin on the snout and jaws. The digits end in small, star-shaped appendages that aid food finding. It eats a variety of small vertebrates and invertebrates.

      The Surinam toad mates in water. As each egg is released, it is fertilized and pressed by the male to the back of the female. In the next several hours, the skin grows around the eggs to enclose them in a cyst with a horny lid. After about 80 days' development, the young emerge as miniatures of the adult. The Surinam toad is one of seven species of Pipa. In five of the other species, the young emerge as tadpoles.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Surinam toad — Conservation status Least Concern (IUCN 3.1 …   Wikipedia

  • Surinam toad — Toad Toad, n. [OE. tode, tade, AS. t[=a]die, t[=a]dige; of unknown origin. Cf. {Tadpole}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of batrachians belonging to the genus {Bufo} and allied genera, especially those of the family {Bufonid[ae]}. Toads… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Surinam toad — Su ri*nam toad (Zo[ o]l.) A species of toad native of Surinam. See {Pipa}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Surinam toad — n. = PIPA. Etymology: Surinam in S. America …   Useful english dictionary

  • Carvalho's Surinam Toad — Taxobox name = Carvalho s Surinam Toad status = LC | status system = IUCN3.1 regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Amphibia ordo = Anura familia = Pipidae genus = Pipa species = P. carvalhoi binomial = Pipa carvalhoi binomial authority =… …   Wikipedia

  • Myers' Surinam Toad — Conservation status Endangered (IUCN 3.1) Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Toad — Toad, n. [OE. tode, tade, AS. t[=a]die, t[=a]dige; of unknown origin. Cf. {Tadpole}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of batrachians belonging to the genus {Bufo} and allied genera, especially those of the family {Bufonid[ae]}. Toads are… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Toad lizard — Toad Toad, n. [OE. tode, tade, AS. t[=a]die, t[=a]dige; of unknown origin. Cf. {Tadpole}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of batrachians belonging to the genus {Bufo} and allied genera, especially those of the family {Bufonid[ae]}. Toads… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Toad pipe — Toad Toad, n. [OE. tode, tade, AS. t[=a]die, t[=a]dige; of unknown origin. Cf. {Tadpole}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of batrachians belonging to the genus {Bufo} and allied genera, especially those of the family {Bufonid[ae]}. Toads… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Toad rush — Toad Toad, n. [OE. tode, tade, AS. t[=a]die, t[=a]dige; of unknown origin. Cf. {Tadpole}.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of numerous species of batrachians belonging to the genus {Bufo} and allied genera, especially those of the family {Bufonid[ae]}. Toads… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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