Surakarta


Surakarta
/soor'euh kahr"teuh/, n.
a city on central Java, in central Indonesia. 414,285. Formerly, Solo.

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Dutch  Soerakarta,  also called  Solo 

      kotamadya (city), eastern Jawa Tengah provinsi (Central Java province), central Java, Indonesia. It lies along the Solo River. Once the capital of Surakarta principality under the Dutch, it was occupied by Japan during World War II and was later incorporated into the republic.

      The city has broad, treelined streets with many modern buildings. Notable historic buildings include a palace (1745; of the susuhunan, one of the traditional princes of central Java), a prince's court (1788; that of the mangkunegaran, another traditional ruler), and a Dutch fort (1779; now a garrison headquarters). Renowned as an educational and cultural centre, Surakarta contains the University of Sebelas Maret, which was created in 1976 by consolidating nine existing institutions. The city also has a museum and a library.

      The city is a market for the surrounding densely populated agricultural area, which produces tobacco, sugar, rice, coconuts, fruits and vegetables, and cassava. The making of batik cloth is a main industry, as are the manufacture of cigarettes, furniture, and textiles; there is also jewelry making and a metal foundry. Local handicrafts are pottery making, wood and bone carving, and the making of musical instruments. The city is an important cultural centre for central Javanese dance, music, and literature and is linked by road, rail, and air to the rest of Java. Pop. (2000) 490,214.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SURAKARTA — Ville du centre de Java (Indonésie) au contact de la plaine du Solo (dont elle portait jadis le nom) et des hautes plaines du piémont du volcan Merapi, Surakarta comptait, en 1990, 504 000 habitants environ. C’est l’ancienne capitale, avec… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Surakarta — puede referirse a: Surakarta (coloquialmente llamada Solo), una ciudad Indonesia. Surakarta, un juego de mesa de origen javanés. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Surakarta — Surakarta, 1) kleiner Staat im Innern der Insel Java (Indischer Archipel), früher Solo geheißen, hat 70 QM. u. 687,000 Ew. (im Jahr 1857). Ist ein von Bergen eingeschlossenes Becken mit mehren Vulkanen (Merbabu, Merapi, Lawu), reich bewässert… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Surakarta — (Solo), niederländ. Residentschaft auf der Insel Java, 6217 qkm mit (1895) 1,210,740 Einw., darunter 2736 Europäer und 7764 Chinesen. Das Land ist zum Teil sehr gebirgig (auf der Ostgrenze der Lawu 3265 m, im W. Merbabu 3115 m, und Merapi 2875 m) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Surakarta — Surakarta, Solo, Hauptstadt der niederländ. Residentschaft S. (6217 qkm, 1895: 1.210.740 E.) auf Java, (1900) 109.459 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Surakarta — [soor΄ə kär′tə] city in central Java, Indonesia: pop. 504,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Surakarta — Infobox City official name = Surakarta native name = nickname = Solo motto = imagesize = image caption = image image shield = mapsize = map caption = Location of Surakarta in Indonesia pushpin subdivision type = Country subdivision name =… …   Wikipedia

  • Surakarta — 7.5666666666667110.81666666667 Koordinaten: 7° 34′ S, 110° 49′ O …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Surakarta — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Solo (homonymie). 7°34′0″S 110°49′0″E / …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Surakarta — Original name in latin Surakarta Name in other language Gorad Surakarta, Kota Surakarta, Kutha Surakarta, SOC, Soerakarta, Solo, Sourakarta, Surakarta, Surakarte, sulakaleuta, suo luo, suo luo shi, surakarta, surakaruta, swrakarta, Горад… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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