- Supreme Court of Judicature
an English court formed in 1873 from several superior courts and consisting of a court of original jurisdiction (High Court of Justice) and an appellate court (Court of Appeal).
* * *▪ British courtin England and Wales, a court that, since 1971, has consisted of the Court of Appeal, the High Court of Justice, and the Crown Court.Until the Judicature Act of 1873 the English court system was cluttered with courts, most of them dating back into medieval periods, with overlapping judicial powers. In 1873 several of these courts were abolished and replaced by a Supreme Court of Judicature consisting of the the Court of Appeal (Appeal, Court of) and the High Court of Justice, the latter having five divisions—Chancery; Queen's (or King's) Bench; Common Pleas; Exchequer; and Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty. In 1881 refinement of the court system continued with the Queen's Bench Division absorbing Common Pleas and Exchequer. Under the Courts Act of 1971, the court system of England and Wales was further refined, with other specialized courts being abolished and replaced by the Crown Court in 1972. The Crown Court is an intermediary court that is above the magistrates' courts but below the High Court of Justice and the Court of Appeal.The modern Supreme Court of Judicature has the following judicial responsibilities: the Court of Appeal (Appeal, Court of) is divided into a Civil Division and a Criminal Division. The High Court of Justice is made up of three divisions which have both original and appellate jurisdiction: (1) the Chancery Division, presided over by the Chancellor of the High Court (formerly known as the vice-chancellor), and dealing with land sales, estates, etc., (2) the Queen's Bench Division, presided over by the lord chief justice and dealing mainly with contract and tort (the Admiralty Court and the Commercial Court being both part of the Queen's Bench Division), and (3) the Family Division, headed by a president, which deals with adoption, matrimonial proceedings, and other familial matters. The Crown Court is concerned mostly with criminal cases.The Supreme Court of Judicature, as a comprehensive body, sits below the House of Lords, which is the final court of appeal.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Supreme Court of Judicature — Supreme Court of Judicature: the highest judicial body of England and Wales that includes the Court of Appeal and High Court of Justice Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 … Law dictionary
supreme court of judicature — Usage: usually capitalized S&C&J : a consolidated system of superior courts comprising the High Court of Justice together with the Court of Appeal and the Court of Criminal Appeal and having jurisdiction in England and Wales * * * an English… … Useful english dictionary
Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1877 — The Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1877 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom enacted to provide the structure of the ordinary judges of the court of appeal, the appellate division of the High Court of Justice and Lord Justices of… … Wikipedia
Supreme Court of Judicature Act 1873 — The Judicature Act 1873 was an Act of Parliament by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in 1873. It reorganized the English court system to establish the High Court and the Court of Appeal, and also originally provided for the abolition of the… … Wikipedia
List of Supreme Court of Judicature cases — This is a chronological list of notable cases decided by the Supreme Court England and Wales. That is, cases from the High Court of Justice of England and Wales, Court of Appeal of England and Wales, and Crown Court. pre 1800 * Haxey s case… … Wikipedia
Supreme Court — su·preme court n 1: the highest court in a nation or state; specif cap S&C: the highest court in the judicial branch of the U.S. government that has original jurisdiction over controversies involving ambassadors or other ministers or consuls but… … Law dictionary
Supreme Court of the United Kingdom — The Supreme Court of the United Kingdom was established in law by Part III of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. The Lord Chancellor has announced [cite web |url=http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200607/ldhansrd/text/70614… … Wikipedia
Supreme court — For specific national supreme courts, see List of national supreme courts. A supreme court is the highest court within the hierarchy of many legal jurisdictions. Other descriptions for such courts include court of last resort, instance court,… … Wikipedia
Supreme Court of Japan — The Supreme Court of Japan (最高裁判所 Saikō Saibansho ; called 最高裁 Saikō Sai for short), located in Chiyoda, Tokyo is the highest court in Japan. It has ultimate judicial authority within Japan to interpret the Constitution and decide questions of… … Wikipedia
Supreme Court Act 1981 — The Supreme Court Act 1981 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (citation 1981 c. 54); the long title of which is An Act to consolidate with amendments the Supreme Court of Judicature (Consolidation) Act 1925 and other enactments… … Wikipedia