sultan


sultan
sultanic /sul tan"ik/, adj.sultanlike, adj.sultanship, n.
/sul"tn/, n.
1. the sovereign of an Islamic country.
2. (often cap.) any of the former sovereigns of Turkey.
3. any absolute ruler or despot.
[1545-55; < MF < Turk < Ar sultan sovereign]

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▪ Islamic title
Arabic  Sulṭān,  

      originally, according to the Qurʾān, moral or spiritual authority; the term later came to denote political or governmental power and from the 11th century was used as a title by Muslim sovereigns. Maḥmūd of Ghazna (reigned AD 998–1030) was the first Muslim ruler to be called sultan by his contemporaries, and under the Seljuqs of Anatolia and Iran it became a regular title. Thereafter it was frequently conferred on sovereigns by the caliph (titular head of the Muslim community) and came to be used throughout the Islāmic world.

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Universalium. 2010.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sultan — Sultan …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • SULTAN — SULTA Mot qui vient de l’arabe sul レ n, lui même probablement d’origine syriaque. On peut distinguer trois acceptions de ce terme: d’abord, «pouvoir», «autorité»; c’est ainsi qu’il est employé dans le Coran, à la sourate XV, verset 42: «Tu ne… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • sultan — SULTÁN, sultani, s.m. Titlu dat monarhului din Imperiul Otoman şi din alte ţări musulmane; persoană care poartă (sau purta) acest titlu. ♦ (înv.) Sultan mezat = licitaţie specială care avea loc în divanul ţării. – Din tc. sultan. Trimis de romac …   Dicționar Român

  • Sultán — (del árabe سلطان sulṭān, y éste de سلطة sulṭa: «poder») es un título utilizado en algunos países islámicos equivalente al de rey o monarca (aunque no se traduce, ya que un rey propiamente dicho es en árabe un malik). Literalmente vendría a… …   Wikipedia Español

  • sultan — 1. (sul tan) s. m. 1°   Titre de l empereur des Turcs. •   Je sais que des sultans l usage m est contraire, RAC. Bajaz. I, 3. 2°   Titre de plusieurs autres princes mahométans et tartares. 3°   Fig. Par extension, il se dit d un prince absolu… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • Sultan — Sul tan, n. [F. sultan (cf. Sp. soldan, It. sultano, soldano), Ar. sult[=a]n sultan, dominion. Cf. {Soldan}.] A ruler, or sovereign, of a Mohammedan state; specifically, the ruler of the Turks; the Padishah, or Grand Seignior; officially so… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sultan — Sultan, WA U.S. city in Washington Population (2000): 3344 Housing Units (2000): 1291 Land area (2000): 2.982622 sq. miles (7.724955 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.982622 sq. miles (7.724955… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Sultan, WA — U.S. city in Washington Population (2000): 3344 Housing Units (2000): 1291 Land area (2000): 2.982622 sq. miles (7.724955 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.982622 sq. miles (7.724955 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • sultan — 1550s, from M.Fr. sultan ruler of Turkey (16c.), from Arabic sultan ruler, king, queen, power, dominion, from Aramaic shultana power, from shelet have power. His wife, mother, daughter, concubine, or sister is a SULTANA (Cf. sultana) …   Etymology dictionary

  • sultan — sùltān m <G sultána> DEFINICIJA 1. pov. naslov osmanskih vladara od 13. st. 2. naslov vladara u nekim islamskim zemljama ONOMASTIKA Sùltān m. os. ime, zast.; isto: Zȍltān (← mađ.) pr.: Sȍltān (Jastrebarsko), Sùltanić (Split, Rijeka)… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Sultan — Sultan: Der in dieser Form seit dem 16. Jh. bezeugte Titel islamischer Herrscher ist aus arab. sulṭān »Herrscher« (ursprünglich »Herrschaft«) entlehnt. In der Form soldān war das Wort bereits im 13. Jh. aus älter it. soldano »Sultan«… …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch


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