sulfoxide


sulfoxide
/sul fok"suyd/ n. Chem.
1. a brown liquid, C18H28O3S, insoluble in water, used as an insecticide synergist.
2. any of the compounds with the radical =SO, as dimethyl sulfoxide, (CH3)2SO.
[1890-95; SULF- + OXIDE]

* * *

also called  sulphoxide 

      any of a class of organic compounds containing sulfur and oxygen and having the general formula (RR′) SO, in which R and R′ are a grouping of carbon and hydrogen atoms. The sulfoxides are good solvents for salts and polar compounds.

      The best-known sulfoxide is dimethyl (or methyl) sulfoxide (DMSO (dimethyl sulfoxide)), which is prepared by aerial oxidation of dimethyl sulfide (a by-product of paper manufacture) in the presence of nitrogen dioxide. DMSO is used as a solvent in a wide variety of industrial processes, including the manufacture of polyacrylonitrile fibres, the extraction of aromatic hydrocarbons from refinery streams, the manufacture of certain pesticides, for industrial cleaning, and for paint stripping. It is also used as a solvent for drugs and antitoxins applied topically. The last use is based on its remarkable ability to penetrate animal tissues.

      Dimethyl sulfoxide is a colourless and odourless liquid, boiling at 189° C (372° F). It is miscible in all proportions with water, alcohol, and most organic solvents.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • sulfoxide — [sulf äk′sīd] n. [ SULF(O) + OXIDE] any of a group of organic compounds containing the group or the divalent radical SO: see THIONYL …   English World dictionary

  • Sulfoxide — Struktur von Sulfoxiden mit der blau gekennzeichneten Sulfinylgruppe. R1 und R2 sind Organyl Reste (Alkyl Rest, Aryl Rest, Alkylaryl Rest etc.) Sulfoxide sind in der Chemie eine Klasse von Verbindungen mit organisch gebundenem Schwefel und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sulfoxide — A sulfoxide is a chemical compound containing a sulfinyl functional group attached to two carbon atoms. Sulfoxides can be considered as oxidized sulfides. (The use of the alternative spelling sulphoxide is discouraged by IUPAC.) An example of a… …   Wikipedia

  • Sulfoxide — Sulf|oxide,   organische Verbindungen mit der allgemeinen Formel R SO R (R und R = aliphatischer oder aromatische Reste). Die Sulfoxide sind flüssige oder (meist) kristalline Verbindungen, die durch Oxidation von organischen Sulfiden hergestellt… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Sulfoxide — Sulfoxyde Groupe sulfinyle Un sulfoxyde est un composé chimique contenant un groupe fonctionnel sulfinyle attaché à deux atomes de carbone. Les sulfoxydes peuvent être considérés comme des thioéthers oxydés. Un exemple de sulfoxyde présent dans… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sulfoxide — sulf•ox•ide [[t]sʌlˈfɒk saɪd[/t]] n. chem. any of the organic compounds with the radical SO, as dimethyl sulfoxide • Etymology: 1890–95 …   From formal English to slang

  • sulfoxide — sulfoksidas statusas T sritis chemija formulė R₂SO atitikmenys: angl. sulfoxide rus. сульфоксид …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • sulfoxide — ˌsəlˈfäkˌsīd, ksə̇d noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary sulf + oxide : any of a class of organic compounds that are characterized by the sulfinyl group doubly united by means of its sulfur with carbon (as with two hydrocarbon… …   Useful english dictionary

  • sulfoxide — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: circa 1894 any of a class of organic compounds characterized by an SO group with its sulfur atom having two bonds with carbon …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sulfoxide — noun Any compound of general formula RS=O …   Wiktionary


We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.