sugar maple


sugar maple
sugar-maple, adj.
any of several maples having a sweet sap, esp. Acer saccharum (the state tree of New York, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wisconsin), having a short trunk and long, curving branches, yielding a hard wood used for making furniture and being the chief source of maple sugar.
[1725-35, Amer.]

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plant
also called  hard maple, or rock maple,  

      (Acer saccharum) large tree in the soapberry family (Sapindaceae), native to eastern North America and widely grown as an ornamental and shade tree. It is a commercially important source of maple syrup, maple sugar, and hardwood lumber useful in furniture manufacture and flooring. Some trees develop special grain patterns such as bird's-eye maple (with dots suggesting eyes of birds) and curly and fiddleback maple, with wavy and rippled grain, respectively. The sugar maple may grow to a height of 40 m (130 feet). It has a dense crown of leaves, which turn various shades of gold to scarlet in fall. Its three- to five-lobed leaves appear after the greenish yellow flowers of spring. The fruits are paired samaras, or keys. Smooth grayish bark on the trunk and branches gradually furrows with age. The leaf of the sugar maple is the national emblem of Canada.

      Several varieties of sugar maples are available; their leaf crowns may be columnar, oval, or pyramidal in shape, with dark green to yellowish leaves. Among those considered subspecies are Rocky mountain sugar maple (A. saccharum grandidentatum), chalk maple (A. saccharum leucoderme), and black maple (A. saccharum nigrum).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sugar maple — Sugar Sug ar, n. [OE. sugre, F. sucre (cf. It. zucchero, Sp. az[ u]car), fr. Ar. sukkar, assukkar, fr. Skr. [,c]arkar[=a] sugar, gravel; cf. Per. shakar. Cf. {Saccharine}, {Sucrose}.] 1. A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystalline substance,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sugar maple — Maple Ma ple (m[=a] p l), n. [AS. mapolder, mapulder, mapol; akin to Icel. m[ o]purr; cf. OHG. mazzaltra, mazzoltra, G. massholder.] (Bot.) A tree of the genus {Acer}, including about fifty species. {Acer saccharinum} is the {rock maple}, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • sugar maple — ☆ sugar maple n. an E North American maple (Acer saccharum), valued for its hard wood and for its sap, which yields maple syrup and maple sugar …   English World dictionary

  • sugar maple — noun Date: 1731 1. a maple (Acer saccharum) of eastern North America with 3 to 5 lobed leaves, hard close grained wood much used for cabinetwork, and sap that is the chief source of maple syrup and maple sugar called also rock maple, hard maple 2 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sugar maple — cukrinis klevas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Klevinių šeimos dekoratyvinis, pluoštinis, medieninis augalas (Acer saccharum), paplitęs Šiaurės Amerikoje. Iš jo sulos gaunamas cukrus, gaminamas sirupas. atitikmenys: lot. Acer rugelii; Acer …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • sugar maple — noun maple of eastern and central North America having three lobed to five lobed leaves and hard close grained wood much used for cabinet work especially the curly grained form; sap is chief source of maple syrup and maple sugar; many subspecies… …   Useful english dictionary

  • sugar maple — noun A North American hardwood, Acer saccharum, famed as the source of maple sugar and maple flavoring. Syn: hard maple, rock maple …   Wiktionary

  • sugar maple — noun a North American maple, the sap of which is used to make maple sugar and maple syrup. [Acer saccharum.] …   English new terms dictionary

  • sugar maple — sug′ar ma ple n. pln any of several maples having a sweet sap, esp. Acer saccharum, yielding a valuable hard wood and being the chief source of maple syrup and maple sugar • Etymology: 1725–35, amer. sug′ar ma ple, adj …   From formal English to slang

  • sugar-maple — n. Rock maple, sugar tree (Acer saccharinum) …   New dictionary of synonyms


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